Definition of Terrorism:
▪ The act of destruction is performed by a person or group of persons not acting on behalf of an established government ,
▪ The act of destruction is performed to redress a real or imaginary injustice, and
▪ The act is aimed directly or indirectly at an established government, who is seen as the cause of the injustice.
Types of Terrorism:
• International terrorism: Terrorism practiced in a foreign country by terrorists who are not native to that country
• Domestic terrorism: Terrorism practiced in your own country against your own people
• State Terrorism: A government commits acts of terror against its own citizens.
• Anti-state Terrorism: Any terrorist act not committed by a government
Components of terrorism:
• Legality and Illegality of Terrorism: Most official definitions of terrorism also contain the word "unlawful" or "criminal" as part of the definition. This is because the purpose of such definitions is to make the activity defined as "terrorism" a crime in the country where it is being defined. Lawfulness or criminality, however, are not part of the activity itself, but depend on whether such activity is considered lawful or unlawful in a particular country.
• Morality and Immorality of Terrorism: An act of terrorism. In itself, is neither moral, nor immoral - no act in itself ever is. Morality of an act is determined by the intentions of its perpetrators and by the circumstances under which it takes place. 'Killing' is a morally neutral act, it is the intention of the killer and the circumstances under which the act takes place, that make it a crime of 'murder' subject to a heavy punishment, an 'unfortunate accident', or an 'act of velour' rewarded by a medal.
• Terrorism, Wars and Matters of Internal Policy: In the course of wars or matters of internal policy involving destruction of people and property there are inevitable innocent victims. But established governments, while regretting this fact, justify it on the grounds of military or political necessity. These justifications are asserted by the governments themselves, and, up to now, there were no independent, impartial and objective super-national courts, where such justifications could be put to test of factual validity, logical consistency, and conformity to the fundamental principle of justice – equality under the law. As the only difference between terrorism and war is the fact of the perpetrator being or not being an established government, it is possible for terrorists to become established governments.
• The Authority of Terrorist Leaders: There are, however, substantial differences between wars waged by established governments and wars waged by terrorists. Established governments have substantial control over the territory and people they administer. They can start a war, they can stop a war. Terrorist wars are not started by terrorist leaders, nor can they be stopped by terrorist leaders. Terrorist wars are not the result of decisions by...