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Terrorism In The Philippines Essay

1464 words - 6 pages

The Philippines was once a colony of the United States. The United States gained control of the Philippine after the Spanish American War of 1898. The war was really over Cuba , the United States just got the Philippines as well as Samoa as a constellation prize. During World War II, Japan seized control of the Philippine Islands. The battle of the Philippines started on December 8, 1941 and ended on May 8, 1942. After the war we took back the Philippines. After World War II the United States and the Philippines, then a republic, signed a treaty on July 4, 1946. Even though the Philippines gained their independence in 1946, the United States still had military bases on the island, one Air Force and one Naval, until 1992. According Philippine Facts, The current population is 106 million people. The majority of the population is between the ages of 25 and 54 years old. The rural versus urban population is almost even, favoring slightly the rural population by only 2 million people. Twenty seven percent of their population falls below the poverty line. The unemployment rate of sixteen percent explains why there is such a high rate of poverty in the county. Although twenty-seven percent of the population is below the poverty line, the literacy rate for the age of fifteen and over is ninety-five percent. According to the World Fact Book provided by the CIA, eighty-three percent of the population is Catholic and five percent Muslim.
The two major terrorist groups in the Philippines are the Abu Sayyaf Group and Jemaah Islamiyah. Both of these groups operate in the southern Philippines in the Sulu archipelago and the easternmost island of Mindanao. According to Terrorism Haven: Philippines, an article from the Council on Foreign Relations, these groups operate in this region of the Philippines due to the rugged terrain, weak rule of law, the sense of grievances of the country’s Muslim minority population, and the poverty of the island. With all these issues to deal with it is hard for the Philippine Government to take the terrorist out, especially in the past several years where the two groups have collaborated with other groups like Moro Islamic Liberation Front. Since the induction of the classification of terrorists by the U.S. State Department in 2006, southern Philippines have been considered a terrorist safe haven.
Some of the militant groups that operate within the Philippines include Abu Sayyaf Group, the Communist Party of the Philippines/New Peoples Army, Jemaah Islamiyah, , the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). Of these groups the terrorist groups are considered to be Abu Sayyaf Group, the Communist Party of the Philippines/New Peoples Army, and Jemaah Islamiyah. Al Qaeda cannot be directly related to this area but is believed that Al Qaeda aid the two major terrorist groups in procuring weapons as well as explosives. Jemaah Islamiyah is based out of Indonesia and has strong ties to Al...

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