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Test Of Effectiveness Of Fish Regulation In Georges Bank

6394 words - 26 pages

Test of effectiveness of fish regulation in Georges BankAbstract: Georges Bank groundfish fisheries have been productive for hundreds of years, but their productivity has declined through time because of overfishing Over-fishing due to intensive exploitation is frequently considered as an important factor contributing to the collapse of marine fish stocks. Regulations are made in both US side and Canada side of Georges Bank. Test for effectiveness of these management strategies will be towards the stock rebuilding.Key words: overfishing; spawning stock biomass; quota management; direct effort controlIntroductionThe Georges Bank is located in the Gulf of Maine. It is an elevated part of the continental shelf that stretches under the ocean from Massachusetts to Nova Scotia. At approximately 240 kilometers long and 120 kilometers wide, it is about the size of the state of Massachusetts. Georges Bank is home to many commercially valuable fish including cod, haddock, herring, flounder, lobster, scallops, and clam. It is not only the home to more than 100 species of fish, but is also the home to marine birds, whales, dolphins, and porpoises.Georges Bank, although not having the most productive fishery in the world, is still considered the most geographically accessible of all the fishing banks in the North Atlantic. Laying adjacent to New England's famous seaports, Georges Bank is highly responsible for the development of coastal fisheries in the New England area.The fishing industry of Georges Bank has lasted for over 400 years and has been identified both economically and culturally with ground fishing. A mixture of bottom-dwelling fishes including cod, haddock, redfish and flounders constitute the groundfish resource. Although Georges Bank groundfish fisheries have been productive for hundreds of years, fish populations keep on declining as fishing technology improved. As fishing gear became more efficient, target species in Georges Bank also changed. The combination of increased fishing efficiency and fishing effort finally led to serious declines and depleted stocks in Georges Bank.Based on the over-fishing situation in Georges Bank, regulations were made to rebuild the biomass. With the implementation of extended jurisdiction in 1977 to 200 miles, Georges Bank groundfish was subject to exploitation only by the USA and Canada. United States commercial fisheries for groundfish are managed under the New England Fishery Management Council's Northeast Multispecies Fishery Management Plan (FMP). In the Canada side, a directed fishery began in the Canadian portion of the management area on the southeastern Flank of Georges Bank in 1993. After that, the Canadian government introduced quota management of the Georges Bank groundfish resource as the principal measure for regulating fishing mortality.Whether these regulations are effective in controlling the fishing mortality and rebuilding the sustainable fish biomass in Georges Bank is the main point that...

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