Testing Students With Disabilities In Kentucky Schools

1000 words - 4 pages

Students with disabilities are increasingly being included in large scale, high-stakes testing programs despite inadequate accommodations. In recent years, the school system has increased pressure on students in regards to testing. In the past, Kentucky has done a poor job of including impaired students in its statewide assessments; mainly in failing to provide the mandated accommodations for disabled students. In order to help these students with their learning skills, test scores, appropriate testing accommodations and the performance of students with disabilities. Results indicate that most Kentucky students have been included in the CATS assessment, but many the scores obtained from disabled students may not be reliable due to inappropriate accommodation.

What are Accommodations?

To allow for accurate assessment of disabled students, “accommodations are intended to provide fairer and more valid estimates of performance by removing disability related barriers to performance that are irrelevant to the construct the assessment is designed to measure” . Sadly, research on the effects of accommodations on impaired students is fairly scant; however, the amount of investigation into the subject is increasing as the importance of test scores rise.

“Tidal and his colleagues, for example, found that special education students perform better when a test was read to them than when they had to read it themselves.” While this observation seems to be something any competent teacher could discern, it is important for accommodations to simply level the playing field,—they are not meant to give impaired examinees an advantage—and as such, specific measurements must be taken. The Kentucky Department of Education collected and analyzed the effects of six types of accommodations: paraphrasing, oral presentation of the assessment (providing a reader), allowing dictation of responses (providing a scribe), cueing (using materials to remind students of strategies used in regular instruction), use of an interpreter and technological aids. However, Kentucky did not collect information on the use of two other common accommodations: separate settings and different testing schedules (e.g., shorter periods and more frequent breaks).

Guidelines for Testing Disabled Students

Guidelines provided by The Kentucky Department of Education (KDE) state that accommodations:
• Must be part of the student’s ongoing instructional program.
• May not be introduced for the first time during assessment.
• Must be “based on the individual needs of the students and not on a disability category.”
• Shall not “inappropriately impact the content being measured.”

Table X lists the types of accommodations provided and their appropriate use. The problem is not necessarily a lack available accommodations improper use of them.

Table X. Accommodations allowed in Kentucky’s accountability tests.

Source: Journal of Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis....

Find Another Essay On Testing Students with Disabilities in Kentucky Schools

Educating Students With Disabilities Essay

582 words - 2 pages setting has been successful based on data collected. Implementing inclusion/collaboration in the public schools was known as another step for improving the education of students with disabilities. However, research has also shown this model of teaching can be successful for it has provided teachers to collaborate, differentiate instruction, and identify students that may be at risk for failure before failing. In the early 1960’s and 70’s it was

Students with Disabilities Essay

2152 words - 9 pages ‘Inclusion of students with disabilities into mainstream schools is a worldwide trend’ (Sharma, Forlin & Loreman, 2008, p.773) yet, Australia is amongst one of the last developed countries to introduce inclusive practices (Anderson, Klassen & Georgiou, 2007). Which seems quite unbelievable considering students with disabilities attending mainstream school is on a remarkable increase, jumping 11 percent in 1995 to 1996 alone. Before the

students with disabilities

2085 words - 9 pages another adult. Another thing is that some learning disabled students have trouble with standardize testing. Students also get accommodations in school. These accommodations include note takers, audiotape or videotaped class session, extended test time, books on tape, and separate quiet room (Washington.edu). To find f your child is developing the disability you can get them checked by the doctor, get tests done, psychologist tests, also schools

Teaching Students with Disabilities

1057 words - 5 pages and at different levels. Teaching a singular subject presents difficulties, but teaching students with disabilities should not be one. There are three main teaching areas that need to be focused on when teaching a student with a learning disability. Teachers need to focus on the strategies that will assist students with reading comprehension skills, writing skills, and maintaining appropriate behaviors in a classroom setting. Reading is an

Students with Disabilities in Career and Technical Education

2008 words - 8 pages (e.g., prerequisite courses or entry-level skills along with tests to assess them). Although students with disabilities must meet standard program entry requirements, entry testing must allow any accommodations listed in a student’s IEP for test-taking (e.g., extended time, use of a reader). Providing Instruction CTE teachers have a larger responsibility in providing instruction for students with disabilities, particularly school-based

Rights of Students with Disabilities

1399 words - 6 pages extreme measures needed to be taken. In the United States alone, there have been many historical events that have affected special education in public schools today. The Elementary and Secondary Act of 1965 was one of the first legislature that recognized individuals being treated differently due to a disability. From this, Congress did not mandate a law to educate students with disabilities, but instead created a Bureau of Education for the

Reaching Students With Learning Disabilities

1621 words - 6 pages as the math learning disability, dyscalculia is a set of learning differences that affect each person differently in school and abroad brought on by brain injury. The reason for this is the fact that overall, there are various learning disabilities with different effects. If a person has VPD, they are likely to have a problem in math. A better way to define dyscalculia is to call it a problem that hinders learning and understanding mathematic

Making Accommodations for Students with Disabilities

1188 words - 5 pages INTRODUCTION In today’s society, there are many developments in technology that is making communication and educational learning easier for students with disabilities. Students with disabilities are now accomplishing more due to developments in technology. However, students with learning disabilities still have difficulty creating ideas, physically writing, difficulty communicating, and difficulty spelling. Assistive technology can help students

High School Students with Reading Disabilities

769 words - 4 pages genetic factors, as well as the environment. No matter what the cause of a disability, the capability to effectively address the problem is extremely important to the educational progress of a student. Reading disabilities pose the greatest impact in the high school arena of learning disabilities. According to Snow, Bruns, and Griffin, “Among students identified with learning disabilities, [eighty percent] have serious reading” (Rathnov 175

Teaching Strategies for Students with Disabilities

1769 words - 7 pages In my years of learning to be an educator, and specifically a music educator, I have struggled with how to teach to students with special needs. Despite taking several special education classes, I struggle with how I am going to apply these strategies I have learned into my music education classroom. With this in mind, I have noticed that several students in my observations of local music classes have disabilities, but are excelling. I did not

Inclusive Education for Students with Developmental Disabilities

2197 words - 9 pages Inclusive education is different from “integrated” education. Inclusive education is defined as students with disabilities receiving their education through the local school districts within their district’s general education classes. The student with a disability is expected to receive instruction in the age-appropriate general education curriculum alongside their peers. Whereas the term integrated or integration is defined as special educational

Similar Essays

Students With Learning Disabilities In The Private Regular Schools

1629 words - 7 pages An investigative study into the curriculum provisions that help students with learning disabilities in the private regular schools of Dubai achieve better academic skills. I. Introduction The current universal trend of including students with special needs in an inclusive setting has gained momentum in the United Arab Emirates with the advent of the federal law 29/2006. Moreover, it is in accordance with the United Nations Salamanca statement

Students With Disabilities Must Be Included In Public Schools

1163 words - 5 pages Students with Disabilities Must be Included in Public Schools Billy is physically handicapped and goes to school on a bus that has to pick him up quite early, for he has to go to school an hour away from his home. When Billy is at school, he gets to be in classes with all sorts of children; some are in wheelchairs, like he is, but they are unable to move by themselves, and some can walk, but Billy has a hard time talking to some of those

Pitfalls Of Standardized Testing. This Essay Explains How Standardized Tests Should Not Be The Only Way That Schools Should Look At How Students Improve In Their Acedemics

616 words - 2 pages a student=s academic knowledge.The first reason why standardized tests should beStevens 2eliminated is they cause school systems to focus heavily on standardized tests and not enough on the state=s standards. Schools are compelled to raise the test=s grades without worrying it their students will make it through their next year of school. Focusing solely on the standardized tests will ultimately leave students with out the expected knowledge for

Students With Disabilities Essay

2586 words - 11 pages of students with disabilities attending college has increased over the last 40 years. In 1978, students with disabilities were 3 percent of the total student population in the United States. In 2008, these students make up nearly 11 percent of the total student population. These disabilities are both physical and mental. Of the incoming first year students with disabilities, over 40 percent of them have a learning disability (Henderson, 2001