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Tetralogy Of Fallot Essay

1125 words - 5 pages

T
he purpose of this paper is to establish an understanding of the rare heart disease Tetralogy of Fallot. Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital heart defect that is present at birth, with the structure of the heart being problematic. It changes the normal flow of blood through the heart. The aspects of it being explained are the overall disease and symptoms of it. Secondly, the long term and short term effects corresponding to the particular disease. Lastly, the causes, prevention, and statistics of the disease. This research will provide an insight to the disease and all aspects and forms. It will allow a better understanding on how to cope with such disease or better prepare us in a case ...view middle of the document...

With Tetralogy of Fallot not enough blood is able to reach the lungs to get to oxygen, and oxygen-poor blood flows to the body. One of the parts of this disease is ventricular septal defect is a break in the wall between the left and right ventricle called the septum which can let the carbonated blood from the left side mix with the oxygenated blood from the right side which can cause the lungs to be congested and heart to enlarge. The second defect Pulmonary Stenosis involves the narrowing of the pulmonary valve and the passage from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery which makes the heart work harder to pump blood through the valve and as a result not enough blood may reach the lungs and causes right ventricular hypertrophy which is a defect where the muscle of the right ventricle is thicker than usual. Lastly, would be the defect of an overriding aorta which happens in the aorta that helps carry oxygen rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body. In an overriding aorta the aorta is not attached to the left ventricle but is located between the left and ventricles instead. Oxygen-poor blood then flows through the aorta instead of the pulmonary artery as usual. These four combined defects make up Tetralogy of Fallot which makes it so that not enough makes it to the lungs and oxygen-poor blood flows to the body.


Symptoms
One of the main symptoms of Tetralogy of Fallot is cyanosis, Tet spells, and growth and development are slower, tires easily and begins panting with physical activity. Cyanosis is a bluish hue to the skin, gums, and fingernails or mucous membranes caused by lack of oxygen in the blood. The slowing down of growth and development occur from the restriction of blood to the body that stumps nutrients need in those parts to grow and thrive as normal. The person would tire easily because his lungs would not be able to keep up with the blood flow and the person doing any type of extortion and the person would have trouble breathing because of the lack of oxygen.


Short and long term effects
The short term effects for Tetralogy of Fallot is bluish or paleish pigment of the skin, heart murmurs or even heavy panting and wheezing. The effects usually don’t last long if the disease is taken care of right away. The long term effects of Tetralogy of Fallot are becoming less as bad as they have been in the past but still require lifetime care from specialist. Also, many people who had Tetralogy of Fallot later on have trouble participating in sport or physical activity like exercise, pe, etc. Other...

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