This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Texas Court System Essay

1957 words - 8 pages

The Texas Court System "Our legal system based on the principle that an independent, fair, and competent judiciary will interpret and apply the laws that govern us. The role of the judiciary is central to American concepts of justice and the rule of law." -Preamble, Texas Code of Judicial Conduct The Texas Court System consists of many trial courts and appellate courts. The trial courts consisting of the municipal court, justice of the peace courts, county-level courts, and the district courts. The appellate courts consist of fourteen intermediate courts and two supreme courts. While we explain about the many types of courts the Texas court system has, there are two types of law that determines the appropriate court for a particular case, the civil or criminal. And go in depth about how judges are selected.There are two types of law that are applicable in determining the appropriate court, the civil or criminal law.The civil law exists to protect the rights and property and to hold individuals accountable for their actions. Civil lawsuits usually involve two private entities, at least one of which is attempting to recover damages or to correct a situation that the party perceives as being unfair. Among the most frequently civil cases are contract disputes, usually from those that arise from agreements between two or more individuals or corporations. Other civil cases may involve inheritances and divorces. The initiating civil court action is called the plaintiff, who brings a suit against the defendant. With few exceptions, anyone may file a civil lawsuit if the plaintiff believes that the defendant has caused some type of monetary, emotional, or physical harm.Criminal law are law that focuses on regulating conduct and protecting society from wrongful or unlawful actions of individuals. Such examples of criminal acts are auto theft, rape, and assault are a few. The focus of criminal law is on the government's power to define and punish illegal acts. A prosecutor, who represents the government and the interests of crime victims in court proceedings, initiates criminal law cases. Criminal law is highly structured and codified. In order to initiate a criminal case, the prosecutor must be able to allege that a criminal defendant's actions violated a specific statute. Sometimes an event, such as a violent assault, may be the catalyst for both civil and criminal actions. A such example is that if a person shoots and injures another may be prosecuted for assault, because there is a specific stature prohibiting this conduct. The victim would also be entitled to sue the assailant in civil court to recover medical expenses, lost wages, and monetary damages for pain and suffering.One of the many trial courts is the municipal court. There are currently 848 municipal courts in Texas to hear cases involving traffic laws, some state law violations, and infractions pertaining to city ordinances. All cases heard in municipal court are criminal in nature, and...

Find Another Essay On Texas Court System

Funding The Future Essay

1993 words - 8 pages issue of equity standards set forth by the Texas Supreme Court in its 1995 Edgewood IV ruling. In that decision, the Court ruled that the provisions laid out in Senate Bill 7, passed in 1993, are constitutional and must be upheld by the Texas legislature. The first goal of SB7 represents a critical commitment which states, "All students shall have access to an education of high quality that will prepare them to participate fully now and in the future

Governor of Texas 1934 Essay

1648 words - 7 pages during the primary elections. Politicians at the time knew and understood that having the black community vote during primary elections would turn largely against their favor. The supreme court had ruled the Democratic executive committee white primaries illegal, citing violation of the Fourteenth amendment however; it did not stop the Texas Democratic state convention to adopt its own white primary resolution to replace the democratic executive


682 words - 3 pages congressional districts with the increasing Latino population and will only bring more balance to the State Legislation. I believe that in time this balance of power will turn Texas politics into a more competitive system better for the people.

The Supreme Court's Involvement with Abortion

1749 words - 7 pages become an issue only non-elected officials seem able to moderate-if not resolve-leads conservatives to argue that the political system has failed because such an issue should be handled by the legislative branch, and liberals to argue that abortion is an individual decision properly made apart from government (p.115).” Soon, it was apparent that the burden of resolving the abortion issue would be placed upon the Supreme Court. When the U.S

Affirmative Action is Necessary

942 words - 4 pages Amendment right to equal protection, because they could not prove reverse discrimination and thus could not prove they would have been admitted to the law school under a system in which all applicants were judged equally (Phillips 3). In turn, the prosecutors took their case to the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. Judge Jerry Smith reversed Judge Sparks decision, ruling the law school's affirmative-action admissions program as unconstitutional

Capital Punishment in Texas

1412 words - 6 pages Capital Punishment in Texas Recently on February 27, 2014, there has been evidence of a possible execution of an innocent man in Texas. Todd Willingham was convicted of setting his home on fire and murdering family members in 1991 and was executed in 2004. Jailhouse informant Johnny Webb, states in his testimony that this case, “was really based on a deal and misrepresentation …the system cannot be regulated... You cannot prevent the execution

Affirmative Action and Higher Education

1550 words - 6 pages campus (Schauer 589-597). While Powell's outline for programs had plenty of dissenters, none of them ever made it to a prominent position in the court system and so, since 1978, the rules of Bakke have been the proverbial law of the land. That is, until recently. In 1994, a new case, Hopwood v. The University of Texas, was ruled on by the circuit court and interpreted in such a manner as to effectively end affirmative action in higher

The Good, The Bad, and Questionable about Homeowner's Associations

3653 words - 15 pages Advocate Group. 1997Texas adopted the Texas Uniform Planned Community Act (TUPCA)April 10, 2001 Wenonah Blevins allegedly owed $814.50 to her HOA for dues and fees Her house was paid off, worth $150,000. The auction sale price came in at $5,000 which paid her $814.50 debt. April 18, 2002, Geneva Brooks d/b/a Committee to Remove the Board, et al. vs. Northglen Association. The court upheld the homeowner’s point to limit the Associations ability to

Immigration Infestation

935 words - 4 pages have a right to be educated in U.S. public schools (Becerra).” In 1982, that Supreme Court decision might have been a good idea, but this is 2013 and the number of undocumented children attending the United States education system is astronomical. The cost for meals, supplies, teachers, and the price to run things are rising. With the increased number of students, this leads to a higher price to fund education. Schools are filled past capacity and

This essay discusses the two opposing viewpoints of death penalty with its pros and cons. It also gives some facts about people dieing from the death penalty

575 words - 2 pages the testimony of two unreliable witnesses who have since recanted their testimony. Banks is now seeking relief from the U.S. Supreme Court. The Honorable William S. Sessions, the former director of the FBI, has joined other distinguished former judges and prosecutors to file a brief in the Supreme Court supporting Banks "by their very nature raise issues that threaten the ability of the adversarial system to produce just results."Texas Governor

The Study of Affirmative Action

1740 words - 7 pages applies to this case. He also reviewed the argument of the defendant, University of California, and concluded that the quota system was unconstitutional, but the use of race in application process for the sake of diversity was allowed (Baldwin 2009). The ruling in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke has been upheld through two other cases much more current, and they are Grutter v. Bollinger (2003) and Fisher v. University of Texas at

Similar Essays

Three Branches Of The Texas Government

1790 words - 7 pages , “the judicial power of Texas shall be vested in one Supreme Court, in one Court of Criminal Appeals, in Court of Appeals, in District Courts, in County Courts, in Commissioners Courts, in Courts of Justices of Peace, and in such other courts as may be provided by law.” These various levels make up our court system both criminal and civil to deliver fair and impartial rulings. Criticisms of our Judicial Branch are always revolving but currently one

Changes In The Texas Constitution Of 1876

650 words - 3 pages of all the state constitutions. The constitution became one of the most prominent changes to Texas education system and politics. The Texas constitution of 1876 is made up of 18 sections including the preamble, each section covering a different aspect of governing decisions and how they should be handled including defining what the powers of the government actually are, managing taxes and revenue, public land and titles, and the different

Texas Death Penalty Essay

1736 words - 7 pages Huntsville, Texas' State Penitentiary from 1924 until 1965. Texas was conducting five executions in one day, which lasted for years into the 1950's.The state then did not begin to execute only one person at a time with no reasoning behind it, nor was there a law to stop Texas from doing so. By 1964, Texas had executed three hundred sixty one inmates by electrocution within forty years between 1924-1977, until the United States Supreme Court

Tort Reform Essay

1377 words - 6 pages of Texas addressed the rising cost of medical malpractice insurance, a shortage of doctors, and a strained court system due to frivolous law suits by passing tort reform in 2003. Texas voters approved Proposition 12 by a margin of 51 percent to 49 percent (McCann, 2007). Proposition 12 changed how much money plaintiffs could receive for noneconomic damages. Noneconomic damages are things like pain and suffering, mental anguish and punitive damages