This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Thalassemia Disorder Causes And Symptoms Essay

1908 words - 8 pages

Disorders passed from parents to children and inherited from generation to generation are called, “genetic disorders or diseases” (NIH, 2013). Thalassemia the focus of this paper is one such disorder. This disorder is linked to red blood cell abnormalities. A normal red blood cell delivers life-sustaining oxygen to every part of a human body, it also removes harmful gaseous waste product from the body by way of exhilaration. Hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein is a component of the red bloods cell which enable it perform its’ functions effectively (NIH, 2013).

What are Thalassemias?
Thalassemias are a group of blood disorders children inherit from their parents through genes. The body of a person with thalassemia will produce fewer red blood cells that are healthy with less hemoglobin than that of a person without this condition (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 2013). When a person’s body produces red blood cell below normal, or less hemoglobin, a condition called anemia develops. NIH (2013) further states that, people with gene disorder of Thalassemia can present with mild, moderate, or severe anemia.

Causes
Thalassemia occurs when genes that controls the way the body produce hemoglobin are absent or altered (NIH, 2013). The human body makes red blood cells, white blood cell, and platelets. As earlier mentioned, red blood cell contain hemoglobin. Hemoglobin’s carry two different types of protein chains: the alpha globin and beta globin. The body of a person with Thalassemia will not function well due to inadequate or abnormal production of alpha or beta protein chain which in turn, affects red blood cells performance of their functions.
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (2013) explained there are several identified types of Thalassemia’s, including alpha-thalassemia (alas, alpha thalassemia major or hydrops fetalis), beta-thalassemia (also called beta thalassemia intermedia, Cooley’s anemia, or Mediterranean anemia), (p. 1). Normal hemoglobin has four protein chains-two alpha globin and two-beta globin; defects in either of these protein chains gave rise to the names of the thalassemia’s (NIH, 2013, p.1). Alpha thalassemia traits present in a person missing one or two of the four genes (two from each parent) needed to create one alpha protein chain. If a person is missing more than two of the four genes, the person will have moderate or severe anemia (NIH, 2013, p.1). Alpha thalassemia major, or hydrops fetalis as they are called are the most severe form of alpha thalassemia, babies born with this disorder are either stillbirths or die shortly after birth (NIH, 2013, p. 1). On the other hand, people usually inherit two beta genes (one from each parent), beta thalassemia presents with alteration of one or both beta genes needed to create a beta globin protein chain (NIH, 2013, p. 1). When there are alterations of both beta globin chains, there present moderate or severe anemia so, the severity...

Find Another Essay On Thalassemia Disorder Causes and Symptoms

Schizophrenia - Causes and Symptoms Essay

1292 words - 6 pages Schizophrenia – Causes and Symptoms Schizophrenia, from a Greek origin meaning, “splitting of the mind,” is a chronic psychiatric disorder that makes it difficult to distinguish between what is real and what is deceptive. This illness alters a person’s ability to think or act, identify reality, portray emotions, and relate to others. Attitudes and behaviors that coincide with this infirmity are contradictory, and the persons who obtain this

Gigantism: Causes and Symptoms Essay

770 words - 4 pages States history. There are numerous symptoms to having gigantism. People with this disease can have abnormally large heads, tongues, hands, fingers, and toes. They may have enlarged organs that can cause high blood pressure, diabetes, heart failure, or diminished vision. Two common symptoms are excessive sweating and headaches. Sometimes gigantism causes them to have a deep voice or have a late onset of puberty. For teen girls, they may have

Causes And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

2163 words - 9 pages )"Schizophrenia is the most common and destructive form of psychosis, which is an impairment of thinking in which your interpretation of reality can be severely abnormal." (Mayo Clinic Health Information) Psychosis is the scientific word for "insanity," and is a symptom of a disordered brain. The following text will describe the history, possible causes, effects, and symptoms of schizophrenia.In 1896, a German physicist named Emil Kraeplin used the term

Fibromyalgia - Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

1378 words - 6 pages , coenzyme Q10, L-Carnitine may also contribute to FM. Other causes may be chemical imbalance in brain, especially of serotonin, sleep disorder (apnea), buildup of uric acid, blood sugar imbalance and poor digestion and detoxification, which may lead to other conditions such as leaky gut and Candida. Gulf War Syndrome: After the Gulf war, many veterans (almost half of them) complained about muscle pain, sleep disorder, extreme fatigue, loss of

Alzheimer's Disease: Symptoms and Causes

1107 words - 5 pages Introduction Alzheimer’s is a disease that effects older people’s brains. It is usually not a part of aging. A long time ago, people would call memory loss hardening of the arteries. This paper talks more about Alzheimer’s, signs and symptoms, has the causes, treatment, and diagnosis. Description Alzheimer’s is a disease which makes people lose memory. Alzheimer’s can also be called dementia which is the same. Alzheimer makes people lose

Symptoms and Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

693 words - 3 pages experience mania and depression simultaneously or in a rapid sequence. Cyclothymia is the mildest form of bipolar mood disorder. Symptoms of Cyclothymia must last for at least two years. Also, the person cannot have gone two months at a normal state. Causes of bipolar disorder are not clearly defined. There are possible genetic connections to the disorder. Probable occurrence of and excessive calcium buildup in the cells and also dopamine

Symptoms and Treatments of Major Depressive Disorder

2103 words - 9 pages What is major depressive disorder? Major depressive disorder is a psychiatric disorder documented in the DSM. Major depressive disorder interferes with an individual's normal functioning in everyday life and causes pain to the person with this disorder and to those close to the person. Individuals with major depressive disorder cannot just "pull themselves out" of this depression on their own and the symptoms accompanied with this disorder can

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Treatment

1427 words - 6 pages of one's children, spouse, etc.), rape, military combat, natural or accidental disasters, and torture. Sexual activity with an adult would be an example of a traumatic experience for a child. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as previously defined, is caused by an overwhelming event outside the range of ordinary human experience, such as combat, a natural disaster, or a physical assault. The symptoms include nightmares and other forms of re

Phobias and potential causes, symptoms, and treatements

2671 words - 11 pages becomes extremely nervous, anxious, and sometimes flighty. This paper will explore social phobia and the potential causes, symptoms, treatments, and the impact on a person’s daily living. Social phobia is also known as sociophobia or the fear of society or people in general. Causes The deep- rooted real cause of the many named phobias is not one concrete thing. There are so many phobias out there, and it is obvious that the root of all of

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

1627 words - 7 pages The mental health disorder I have chosen for analysis is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). First, I will discuss symptoms and diagnostic criteria that is in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Then I will cover treatment OCD as it relates to the strengths perspective and the medical model of mental health. Finally, I will discuss the ethical responsibilities that Social Workers have towards clients in the

History, causes, and symptoms of Schizophreina

1696 words - 7 pages .(Campbell) Some people believe that schizophrenia is a group of similar disorders, while others believe that it is one disorder with many different symptoms and types.(Sarason)The disturbance of schizophrenia involves the most basic functions that give the normal person a feeling of individuality, uniqueness, and self-direction. The most intimate thoughts, feelings, and acts are often felt to be known or shared by others. The diseased person may

Similar Essays

Bipolar Disorder: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

2197 words - 9 pages Contents Introduction 1 Questions: Asked when conducting an interview 1 Answers: received from the interviewees 2 Interview 1 2 Interview 2 2 Interview 3 2 Interview 4 3 Symptoms 3 Treatment 3 Causes of bipolar 4 Genes 4 Environmental Factors in Bipolar Disorder 4 Bibliography 6   Introduction Bipolar disorder can be conceptualized as parallel dysfunction in emotion-processing and emotion-regulation circuits, together with an

Causes And Symptoms Of Antisocial Personality Disorder

1362 words - 5 pages still don’t know what really causes Antisocial Personality Disorder. Although there are many theories about the possible causes and most professionals use a biopsychosocial model of causation. According to this model the causes of ASPD are likely a combination of biological genetic factors, social factors and psychological factors. Examples of social factors include how a person interacts in their early development with their family and friends and

Causes And Symptoms Of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

1089 words - 5 pages There are many different causes of PTSD such as sexual abuse, sudden death of a loved one, and war. Trauma affects people in different ways, some can develop it from watching a fellow soldier being killed, and some can develop it from losing their jobs or a divorce. Being diagnosed with PTSD is a difficult process because there are many other psychological disorders whose symptoms can overlap and are very similar. An important fact to remember

Schizophrenia. What Is Schizophrenia? What Are The Causes? What Is It's History? What Are The Symptoms? How Is It Treated? What Are The Different Forms Of The Disorder?

3275 words - 13 pages type is the residual type. A person that fits into this category has suffered from schizophrenia in the past but shows no main symptoms anymore. They may not have the major symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions, but they still display some minor symptoms such as they may be emotionless and have minor speech difficulties.There is no sure cause of schizophrenia but there are some theories as to what may contribute to the disorder. Genetics