This Is An Essay That Describes How The 4th Ammendamant Effects Law Enforcement In America. This Was Used In Criminal Justice 101.

1013 words - 4 pages

Fourth AmendmentIn the late 1700's the fourth Amendment was written because of strong objections to the Writs of Assistance or general warrants. The Writs Assistance gave officials the right to enter any home and seize belongings without a reasonable cause. The fourth amendment was ratified in the Bill of Rights on December 15, 1771.This amendment protects the people's right to privacy and security. The Fourth Amendment states, "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized." In the court, case of Katz v. United States it was said that, "the 4th Amendment protects the people and not certain areas against search and seizure." (Katz v. U.S.) Without this amendment, people would have no claim over their personal privacy, or security. Any officer could enter homes and take any evidence that could be used to make an arrest or that could be used for prosecution in court. In order for police or any other higher authority to search and seize evidence from a suspect legally, it is required that a judge must grant a search warrant.The warrant authorizes the officer to seize particularly described items and to bring them before the court that issued the warrant. In common law, search warrants were used mainly to discover stolen property. In modern law, they have a variety of items, including intoxicating liquors, gambling implements, counterfeiters' tools, burglars' tools, smuggled goods, obscene literature, narcotics, illegal firearms and any article the possession of which is a crime or which may be used in evidence.The warrant must specify the place where the search is to be made and the property to be seized. An officer cannot get a warrant from a judge in any circumstance. (Grolier Encyclopedia) The officer may have to give a reasonable cause. As ruled in the case of Illinois v. Gates in 1983, "to establish probable cause, one must show a probability of criminal activity; a hearing is not required." (Illinois v. Gates)The accused has the right to fight the grounds when the warrant was attained by means of a trial. In most situations, there are some exceptions. An officer is not allowed to get a search warrant if evidence to a crime is in plain view. In the case Horton v. California 1990, police entered a house with a warrant that was given to search the house for stolen jewelry. While searching the house they found illegal weapons in plain view. The officers seized weapons as well as the stolen jewelry.In 1990, the court ruled in the case, Greenwood v. California, the court approved a search of garbage that was left on the curb without a warrant. One other situation that an officer can enter a home and seize...

Find Another Essay On This is an essay that describes how the 4th ammendamant effects law enforcement in America. This was used in Criminal Justice 101.

This essays talks about how the monetary policy is used by Federal Reserve in America

1022 words - 4 pages The monetary policy is an important policy because it controls the country economy. In America the monetary policy is control by the Federal Reserve. Using the tools of the monetary policy, the Federal Reserve can affect the volume of money and credit and their price interest rates in America. So therefore the Federal Reserve influences employment, output and the general level of prices.It is important that the Federal Reserve use the monetary

This Is An Essay That Could Be No Longer Than A Page That Describes The Way They Are Controlling The Population In China And Briefly How It Affects The Rest Of The World!

539 words - 3 pages believe it has reached carrying capacity.The Chinese Government could deal with the problem of the population in China exploding in different ways than they are. One of three female children born in China is killed. We should not allow this to happen when it will surely unbalance the amount of organisms in the biosphere? "Experts say that even with controls on the birthrate, China's population should peak at about 1.6 billion people in the mid-21st

This essay is about racism's effects on children in america

852 words - 3 pages Racism is any attitude, action, or institutional structure or any social policy that subordinates persons or groups because of their color. Racism in America has reached an ultimate stance where Blacks in America cannot tolerate being discriminated against anymore. A Black person goes into a predominately white restaurant is probably going to get rude stares from everyone else in the restaurant. Everywhere Blacks go they are looked at in a

An in depth look at 3 American Presidents: Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover. This essay describes these 3 presidents and how they impacted america during their presidencies

837 words - 3 pages ill equipped to deal with the period's emerging problems.Hoover took over presidency in 1928 and economic disaster was around thecorner. He went against Democrat Alfred E. Smith with an overwhelming victory,this was showing that Americans were content with Republican leadership. Hooverhad the biggest task out of these three president's because he had to deal withthe Great Depression. The Dow Jones Industrial Average was the most widely

This essay explores the means of an imaginative journey which occur in one's imagination that is used to escape reality, face fears and contemplate ideas

1045 words - 4 pages Imaginative journeys occur in the realm of the mind - a realm where reality is considered, and fantasy is created. The imaginative journey moves the participant into an environment that could not possibly exist in our understanding of the real world, or recreates a tale that has never occurred. The common aspect of the imaginative journey is fictionality.The journey that is imagined often evokes the theme, or event, of change. This change can be

This Essay is about errors in the user interface and how is can cause disasterous effects

572 words - 2 pages Many disasters are caused by errors in the user interface. and many of those disasters are Plane crashes. One of the more notable ones are of the Concorde Super-sonicjets. Since this last crash they have been grounded but have recently just started testing them again. With new safety pre-cautions. A French investigation into the Concorde crash hasconfirmed a burst tyre was the cause of the disaster. The French Accident Investigation Bureau ruled

This is an essay describing the gender differences with men and women. it shows how in the show "saved by the bell" used the typical gender schema

933 words - 4 pages person, unlike Kelly who is timid and would rather internalize feelings instead of dealing with them. Simone De Beauvoir said that "Women are made, not born" and this is an idea that I believe that Kelly would agree with very strongly.Throughout every problem within the show she took a stance and held strong, yet managed never to cross the line that would make her seem hard headed. Jesse could be considered a gender reform feminist in that she wants

Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice Careers

2565 words - 10 pages in. At first, it would have been difficult to put a definition together but with all the educational opportunities and experiences from other class mates and the instructors, it was clearly defined to me personally. I used many law enforcement experts throughout the program to assist in better understanding the concepts of the past, present and future of the criminal justice system. In order to promote this definition in my law enforcement

This essay was fro an assignment to write an argumentative essay about a current event/controversial issue. Thos essay discussed the legitimacy of Megan's Law in the U.S.- it is pro- Megan's Law

1046 words - 4 pages Who Deserves Privacy?The legitimacy of Megan's Law is a heated debate that is current in our society today. This law forces all sex offenders to make themselves known to their neighborhoods. Many questions have been brought forward in an effort to alter the specifics of the law, and even abolish it. The issue is black and white and splits the population into two groups for or against the cause. Some seem to think that the specifications of the

The Importance of Criminal Investigation in the Law Enforcement

713 words - 3 pages against them, the law enforcement officials would typically enter into an agreement with them. In these instances, there are typically no victims who are willing to testify. Thus, it's vital for one among the participants within the crime be convinced to assist the law enforcement officials. This can be what happened within the recent $26,000 drug bust case that led to the arrest of many people. In keeping with newspaper reports, 2 individuals

This essay describes women in china during the Qing dynasty

2176 words - 9 pages might appear, in the eyes of others, to lead to improper sexual intercourse. 2 Thus the Chinese "chastity" implied a particularly high level of virtue that precluded nearly any non-ritualized contact between woman and men to whom they were not married. 3 Notice also the several terms associated with chastity in this tale: duty, honor, loyalty, righteousness, and trustworthiness. "Chaste Jiang" is an excellent example of chastity functioning as the

Similar Essays

The Title Of The Essay Is: Hester Prynne And Her Subconscience. This Is An Essay Which Describes How The Id, Ego, And Superego Are Used In The Book The Scarlet Letter, By Nathaniel Hawthorne

708 words - 3 pages to America from England. Hester wanted to wait for him, but she did not really ever love him and she felt she needed to find someone else. This is when she committed her act of adultery. She did not think about the consequences that would come with her actions. The act was done in a spur-of-the-moment situation. This was all because of Hester's id part of the brain.Hester went through the superego stage after the id. This was when she decided

This Essay Describes The Events Leading Up To The International Style Of Architecture Being Used In America, The Architects Who Led This Movement And What Their Accomplishments Were

1281 words - 5 pages One common criticism of modern architects such as Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius is that while their goals might have been laudable, the execution and physical manifestation of their beliefs is somehow disconnected from the culture in which it grew out of. As 'ineffective' as critics might say this style was, there is great importance in the entire movement made in architecture during the mid-twentieth century. Understanding where the

Life In The Colonial Cities. This Essay Describes In Detail How People Lived In The Early Colonial Cities Of America

615 words - 2 pages to many of the people and the surrounding neighborhood. However, taverns could be considered good to the cities because they were the closest form of business enterprise in colonial America to this point.Although in the early years of colonial America, many people resided in the rural areas, the cities became more populated over time. Taverns were a main reason for people moving from farms to the cities. The conditions of the city weren't excellent, as the water supply was not very sanitary and garbage disposal was a major issue. However, these factors made for the beginning of a new nation and helped form how America is today.

Women In Criminal Justice: Attorneys And Law Enforcement

2512 words - 10 pages During the late nineteenth-century, women went to court to continue to secure their rights to participate in public life: to vote, to be a justice of the peace, to be a notary public, to serve as school district directors, school committee officers, school officers, and prosecuting attorneys, an of course to practice law (Drachman, 1998). The criminal justice system is a male dominated occupation. For many years women have