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The 1905 Revolution. Essay

1102 words - 4 pages

The 1905 revolution was the result of opposition to the Russo Japanese war (1904)As with any revolution they are never mono-causal, there are always many reasons for the revolt, strikes and demonstrations throughout the whole country. There were many different causes affecting many different people. This created a diverse nature of the revolt. Countless different areas and classes had different reasons for the revolt so it was not very uniformed. .Russia instead of concentrating on the internal problems, they seemed to deliberately pick a fight with the Japanese. There had been disputes between the two countries for many years. Russia's long term objective was to expand over the Far-East. The building of the Trans-Siberian railway was the means to help Russia to expand. Russia had believed that Japan would be a push over. But they were wrong. It turned out that Japan would beat them in every major confrontation in the war. The war was a series of humiliating defeats for the Russians. The initial popular enthusiasm was soon dissipated. Disillusionment soon bred disorder within the Russian ranks. The poles and fins both resented being enforced into conscription to fight a Russian war. The Russian recession worsened as rumours branded the regime as incompetent and unworthy. Discontent was manifested by on the streets by educated oppositionists. When the tsar ordered his troops to repel the mass marchers to use the necessary force turned into a very bad mistake. The Bloody Sunday massacre was very counter-productive as it provoked many different strikes and demonstrations throughout the empire. In agreement to the title many people believe that the losses of the war undermined the leadership of the tsar. This was a major downfall for the tsar as this caused the people to loose faith in him therefore making his position much more controversial.In Donetsk the urban population doubled from 7.3 to 14.6 million between 1867 and 1897. This meant that doss houses and shanty towns were put up to accommodate the new arrivals. These towns were in appalling conditions and overcrowded. With up to 10 people crammed into each house. The towns were unable to provide adequate transport, drainage and sewage or pure water facilities. Therefore Typhus, cholera and other diseases flourished and syphilis also flourished because the amount of prostitutes grew to cater for all the new young unattached males. When working they were confronted by a unrelenting work regime of long hours and harsh discipline. They were also being harshly fined and they had to suffer injustices. These were all reminiscent of the days of serfdom. The poor conditions made the workers irritable to the way that the tsar was ruling over them. They felt like they had no say and that the tsar did not care about them. This made them more volatile to the rule of the tsar. The growth of towns brought many people who usually would have been separated throughout the empire together. This meant that there...

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