This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The 1945 Eastern Front Campaigns Essay

1720 words - 7 pages

“The Eastern Front is a house of cards. If it is broken at one point, the rest will all collapse.” - Generaloberst Heinz Guderian

The ultimate fate of the Third Reich was no longer in question by January of 1945. There was little doubt that the reign of terror that it had forced upon the world would soon be over. The only matter remaining was how quickly it would all end. Although Germany formally surrendered five months later on 8 May 1945, I would argue that barring a number of strategic leadership failures committed by Adolf Hitler during those final months, the final termination of war with Germany would have taken much longer. This paper will provide a brief setting of the scene in January 1945 on the Eastern Front to provide the reader context and then analyze several of Adolf Hitler’s strategic leadership failures that likely hastened the wars end.
Overview
In January 1945, the Eastern Front looked grim for the Germans. From June to August 1944, Josef Stalin’s Red Army had crushed German Army Group Center through OPERATION BAGRATION in its drive to the Vistula River. The German Army Group Center lost nearly one quarter of its military forces on the eastern from and the reeling Wehrmacht never recovered from its losses. The Red Army, having captured three bridgeheads on the Vistula River to support their next offensive, halted just outside of Warsaw to resupply and reorganize in preparation for its next assault during which the Warsaw uprising took place in August to September 1944. Regardless of the reasoning behind the Soviet operational pause outside of Warsaw, whether it was due to the strength of the German counter-offensive, Red Army logistical concerns, or political strategy, Stalin provided little support to the uprising, which allowed the Nazis to crush the rebellion in less than a month. The Soviet operational pause lasted from August 1944 to January 1945 providing some breathing room for the Germans to develop their strategy for the next Soviet push, which was soon to come. Instead of taking advantage of this time to consolidate and strengthen their defenses in the East, Hitler committed a number of strategic leadership mistakes that ultimately hastened the defeat of the Third Reich.
Failure 1: Lack of Trust in his Military Leaders
Following the failed assassination attempt at his East Prussian Wolf’s Lair Headquarters on July 20, 1944, it is reasonable to assume that Hitler became more paranoid and distrusting of even his closest military advisors. The aftermath of the assassination and coup attempt resulted in the death of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel; arguably, one of Germanys most admired and accomplished military commanders
Hitler’s paranoia and distrust no doubt led to his propensity to quickly replace leaders on whenever he felt they were failing to produce his desired results. On the Eastern Front alone, Hitler replaced six of his senior Wehrmacht commanders from January to April 1945. Although the German...

Find Another Essay On THE 1945 EASTERN FRONT CAMPAIGNS

World War I : The Eastern Front - What are the specific objectives of the offensives? Who were the combatants? Did the offensives succeed or fail?

1185 words - 5 pages World War I. It was a major offensive against the armies of the Central Powers on the Eastern Front, launched on June 4, 1916 and lasted until early August. The offensive was named after the Russian commander in charge of the Southwestern Front, Aleksei Brusilov.Early in 1916, France requested Russia to help reduce the pressure on Verdun, which was currently in a war with Germany. In the summer of 1916, the British Somme Offensive also called upon

Hiroshima, Atomic Bombs Essay

870 words - 4 pages Many people wonder how, where, and why the first atomic bomb was detonated. Many people do not know that it happened in Japan in 1945(Shmoop Editorial Team. "Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Aug 6, 1945 - Aug 9, 1945) in World War II: Home Front." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 09 Apr. 2014). Where in Japan you might ask, well that would be in the military city of Hiroshima. A bomber left the Mariana Islands August 6, 1945

Book Review of: Alan Clark's Barbarossa: The Russian-German conflict, 1941-45

1530 words - 6 pages , Timoshenko, Vlasov, Voroshilov, and Zhukov. However, Clark set out from the onset to establish the basis on which Hitler was to shun some of the responsibility of the Nazi failure on the Eastern Front, and therefore, it is Hitler that I chose to isolate as the focal character. It was Hitler that proclaimed that Operation Barbarossa would insure "the world will hold its breath."Historians, both professional and amateur alike, have for decades passed the

What If the Allies Had Invaded France in 1943?

2478 words - 10 pages because Allied forces would not have been geographically split between concurrent campaigns in Italy and Western Europe. A 1943 invasion would have also improved the allied relationship with Stalin and the Soviets. An earlier invasion would have given the Soviets the second front that they desired to reduce pressure on the Eastern Front. This would have been a “confidence-building measure” contributing possibly to greater agreement in post-war

adolf hitler

1602 words - 6 pages of enemy troops, Hitler and Braun committed suicide the day after their wedding, on April 30, 1945. Their bodies were carried to the bombed-out garden behind the Reich Chancellery, where they were burned. Berlin fell on May 2, 1945.Hitler's political PROGRAM had brought about a world war, leaving behind a devastated and impoverished Eastern and Central Europe, including Germany. His policies inflicted human suffering on an unprecedented scale and

The USSR and "sovietization" and how this expanded into the Eastern Europe

1276 words - 5 pages During the post-war years of 1945-1949, the USSR adopted a policy of "sovietization" and set about its expansion into Eastern Europe, by creating Moscow-friendly satellite states. The USSR saw this as a purely defensive action, while the West saw this as evidence of Russia's expansionist nature. Hence, Soviet Union's move into Eastern Europe was much cause of the conflict between the West and Russia. One of the motivating forces behind Stalin's

The Chinese Revolution of 1949

1822 words - 7 pages and the failure of the government to accommodate or abate Communist dissent. The paper will also cover the failed efforts by Nationalist Party to integrate Western policies into China. The Civil War between the Nationalist Party and Communist Party was as a result of differing ideologies that lead to the collapse of a unified front by the two parties that had succeeded in defeating the warlords, but not in unifying China. The Nationalist party

World War II Devastation

1734 words - 7 pages during World War II than those of all other countries combined. Approximately 27 million Soviets, among them more than 13 million civilians, were killed in the German invasion of the Soviet Union (World-War-2.). The Soviets took no part of the naval campaigns, had a very limited effect on the strategic bombing offensive, and contributed very little to the defeat of Japan. Kursk was the last major offensive the German army had on the eastern front

Economic and Social System comparisons

1904 words - 8 pages As World War II ended in approximately 1945 , Europe was split politically. As accounted by Winston Churchill, the Prime Minister of Britain, the political division between Western Europe and Eastern Europe was described as a "iron curtain". ( Orgsites, pg 1) This political division was caused as Eastern Europe, ruled by the Soviets, was communist, while Western Europe was democratic, as they were highly influenced by the United States

World War I, military conflict

964 words - 4 pages World War I, although they played a small role in the war's outcome.A Land WarfareMost of the decisive land campaigns of World War I occurred on the continent of Europe. The two chief centers of operations were the western front and the eastern front. On the western front, German armies confronted those of the British Empire, France, Belgium, and, later, the United States. Most of the fighting on this front took place in northeastern France. The

The March of Nazism: The Theoretical and Ideological Justification of Violence in Nazi Germany

2743 words - 11 pages former territory of the Soviets in Eastern Europe. This desire for a new German empire, not the hastily acquired African empire of the Imperial German era, was a profound desire to ensure that the German race could spread out and dominate the European continent. Unlike most campaigns of colonial expansion, this one was intended to take place on land already owned by some of the most powerful nations in the world; the only way to seize it would be

Similar Essays

The Spread Of Soviet Backed Communism Across Eastern Europe After 1945

2033 words - 8 pages The Spread of Soviet-Backed Communism Across Eastern Europe after 1945 In seeking to provide an answer to the question, “Was the spread of Soviet-backed communism inevitable across Eastern Europe after 1945?,” I would like to point to the words of a contemporary specialist. At the end of World War II, R. R. Betts, the Masaryk Professor of Central European History at London University, asserted that much of the “revolution in central

Stalingrad’s Effect On The German Defeat On The Eastern Front In Wwii

2124 words - 8 pages to take Kursk the Germans were on the defensive (Overy 257). C. Evaluation of Sources Russia At War 1941-1945 by Alexander Werth gives a very detailed account of Russia’s position in World War II from a little before the German invasion to the Russian victory in Berlin and victory in Europe for the allies. The purpose of this source is to show the progression of the war on the Eastern Front specifically, aspects of Russia’s military and

“Mere Sideshows With No Relevance To The Main Event” How Far Do The Campaigns Away From The Western Front During Ww1 Justify This Comment

1302 words - 5 pages the Great War? In other words, were the campaigns away from the Western Front mere sideshows with no relevance to the main event? In this essay, I will look at :the Eastern Front in 1914 , the U boat campaign ,The Gallipoli Campaign and the Arab Revolt, the Italian Alpine front and the Eastern African Campaign.The Eastern Front 1914 - In August 1914 , the German 8 th army was attacked by Russia. Therefore, German troops had to be deployed to fight

To What Extent Was 'sovietisation' Imposed On Eastern Europe After 1945? Discuss With Reference To At Least Two Countries In The Region Two Countries Referenced Are Poland + Czechoslovakia

3112 words - 12 pages To What Extent was 'Sovietisation' imposed on Eastern Europe after 1945? Discuss with reference to at least two countries in the regionThe dominant conflict following the end of the Second World War was the hostility and competition between the Soviet Union and the West, in particular the United States. For decades the origins of this conflict, the cold war, has provided a basis for an enormous and varied histography. Central to any argument put