The 1950s And The 1960s Essay

1168 words - 5 pages

The 1950s and the 1960s had many similarities, though they had many differences as well. Their similarities and differences include: the politics, the economy, the society, and the culture of both decades. In the 1950s, North Korea moved into South Korea and began a civil war between the two parallel countries. The reason for this dispute was the border lines as well as guerrilla fighting in the South, which created a greater tension on the issue. The reason why the U.S entered the Korean War was so that the Soviet Union would not gain another nation and, in turn, more power. Like the 50s, our country was also at war with another country in the 60s. This time, the U.S was at war with Vietnam. The U.S entered the war because the Vietnamese were known as an evil nation in the eyes of the American people. Communism was considered an immediate threat to the U.S in both Korea and in Vietnam. The president wanted to block the path of Communism so that it would not affect America or any of her allies. America was able to stop the Communism spreading in Korea. However, our country was not able to stop the Communism in Vietnam. The violence became so horrible, that the troops eventually had to move out of the country.

Politics in the 1950s began with the election of President Eisenhower, the first Republican president in a long while. He was a tradition adhering man and was conservative in his thinking. He was a very cautious president, who was thought to leave all of the hard work to his aides. He was a well liked man and was very down-to-earth. However, he did not take action as he should, and that lack of leadership caused our country to stumble a little bit. Unlike the political life of Eisenhower, John Fitzgerald Kennedy broke out of the political world and gave the people of America a fresh, young, new face to put into the White House in the 1960s. Before his assassination, he took a big step for civil rights and allowed young James Meredith, an African American college student, to attend the University of Mississippi. He even had federal marshals to protect the student from the danger of the other students and faculty of the university. After Kennedy’s assassination, the country mourned and Lyndon B. Johnson assumed the presidency and began to finish the work that JFK started.

Although Eisenhower was not a take charge kind of president, the country achieved a heightened level of prosperity. Economically, the 1950s were a pretty successful era. People had been saving their money through WW2 and they were ready to start buying houses, cars, etc. There was much inflation in the during the war, but it had quickly diminished as the years progressed. One of the issues that Eisenhower tried to address was to balance the federal budget of the nation. This was very difficult, especially since the families of the 50s were buying more and spending less with the use of credit cards.

However, in the 1960s, prosperity was becoming too far out of...

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