The Big Three
While all past cultures contributed to the forward march of progress, there are three highly developed historical cultures which did even more - they thrived. The three main civilizations each had phenomenally developed cultures which evolved through their system of writing, their architecture, their philosophy, their government, and their religion. These three cultures eventually set the standards for western civilizations. For example, Washington D.C. could be called a modern Athens, in which its architecture is nearly the same and the justification for its existence is the administration of the government. In Greece democracy began and architecture advanced, along with disciplines such as mathematics and medicine. Mainly though, style was everything; women would even wear (poisonous!) white lead makeup to impress the guys and, of course, their gods (Hull 2007, 34). Ancient Greece was a major culture from around 776 B.C. to 323 B.C. Egypt propelled the evolution of the written word through their use of hieroglyphics from 3100 B.C. to 2000 B.C. Finally, in Ancient India religion was everything, being the home of both Buddhism and Hinduism, and some people would even try meditating for forty-nine days like Siddhartha Gautama (Armento et al. 2003, 236 and 237). Ancient India flourished from around 1500 to 467 A.D. These cultural traits and many more are why these three civilizations were so highly developed for their time.
Ancient Greece was innovative in building and engineering. Their architecture was exemplified in the design of some of their structural columns, such as the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styles. Some of the famous Greek buildings/designs include the Parthenon and the amphitheater on the Acropolis (Crisp 2003, 32 and 33). The Greeks also were highly developed because of their famous “democracy”. The Greeks started with direct democracy, which is when no one is represented and every citizen personally votes on/addresses each topic or law. Also Greece was one of the first civilizations that cared about beauty and cleanliness. Their public baths and their many makeup styles are examples of their interest in personal appearance and hygiene. Finally, a lot of progress was accomplished at the hands of Pericles. His three major goals were to protect Athens, beautify Athens, and strengthen Athenian democracy. All of these goals helped define why Athens was the most highly developed culture of its time. Additionally, Ancient Greece was highly advanced in medicine, led by Hippocrates, astronomy, led by Astarchus, math, led by Pythagoras, and most famously philosophy, led by Socrates, Aristotle, Plato, and Homer.
The Ancient Egyptians were a highly advanced society, as shown by the depth of their culture across writing, architecture, and art. Their writing manifested itself through the development of hieroglyphics, a detailed system using drawn pictures and figures easily known to everyone. They used these drawings to...