The Three Main Theorie Of Sigmund Freud And His Contribution To Society.

981 words - 4 pages

The Contributions of Dr. Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud is the Jewish neurologist turned psychiatrist from 19th century Austria who is considered by many to be the father of the modern psychoanalytical method. The theories of Dr. Freud revolutionized the way society perceived mental workings and the mind. Among Freud's most famous theories are the theory of the mind, the Oedipus and Elektra complexes and the theory on the stages of sexual development.Freud's theory of the mind is one of the most important aspects in studying the psyche. According to Freud the mind is divided into three sections: the id, the ego and the superego, each playing a different role. What Freud names the id is an unconscious region of the mind that initiates drives and instincts. This section is responsible for giving power to the three main needs, which according to Freud are satisfying hunger and thirst, the need to avoid pain, and the need for sexual gratification. The demand to satisfy these three needs is known as the "pleasure principle."(Storr, p. 61) The id itself is incapable of organization, and as a result produces "no collective will, but only a striving to bring about satisfaction of instinctive needs." (Freud, p. 73) In other words the id cannot act on these instincts. To satisfy these instinctive needs, the id turns to another region of the mind: the ego. The ego is the conscious section of the mind that has the task of searching for objects and actions to satisfy the needs created by the id. The ego is the section of the mind associated with the senses, and as a result it is the only region connected to the outside world. As such, the ego acts as "an intermediary between the id and the external world." (Freud, p. 95) The third section of the brain known as the superego works in conjunction with the ego to satisfy the needs of the id. The superego is the region commonly called the memory. Its function is to keep a tally of the objects and actions that seem to placate the id, as well as the reactions to theses objects and actions. As a whole Freud's theory of the regions of the mind allow his other theories to be grasped more easily.Freud developed a theory on sexual attraction and the relationships of children and their parents that received numerous critics worldwide. The bottom line of this theory is that the id of males contains a deep hatred of their fathers and a desire to sleep with their mothers. Freud named this desire the Oedipus complex, after the play Oedipus Rex, in which the main character kills his father to be with his mother. The Oedipus complex is based on the fact that the mother is the first love of a young boy. The boy sees the father as competition for the affections of the boy, and therefore an object of hatred. The boy does not act because he fears his father will...

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