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The Abolition Of Capital Punishment In Australia

1218 words - 5 pages

Since the last execution in Australia in 1967 of Ronald Ryan and the abolition of capital punishment in Australia in 1973 imprisonment has been the only option as a sanction for murder. A survey conducted in 2009 demonstrated that a clear majority of Australians (64%) believed that imprisonment should be the punishment for murder as opposed to 23% stating the death penalty should be used and 13% did not wish to comment. The death penalty is not an effective punishment for all cases and there has not been any solid evidence stating that it is a more effective deterrent than imprisonment. Furthermore capital punishment possesses the risk of executing the innocent, which has happened or almost happened numerous times in the past such as Colin Ross. The death penalty is also a breach of the Universal Human Rights. Additionally although there is belief that detaining criminals actually costs taxpayers more due to court processes, the method of execution and many other factors. While imprisonment should be the highest sanction for crime, in some cases this is not effective, such as the case of Australian serial killer Peter Dupas. As a result, imprisonment is the only appropriate option for murder in majority of instances, however in some cases it is evident that capital punishment is necessary for the safety of society.
Capital punishment is not an effective punishment or deterrent for murder or any crime for various reasons. To many prisoners, being detained in a prison is much more of a punishment than death as is it a constant, conscious deprivation of liberty and rights. This idea is represented though US Oklahoma bomber Timothy McVeigh who claimed after dropping his appeals against his death sentence that he would rather die than spend his life in prison and that his objective all along was ‘a state-assisted suicide’ highlighting how capital punishment is not necessarily a satisfactory punishment for all offenders. Furthermore the death penalty may create a brutalising effect, actually inspiring acts of violence, and therefore lessen instead of increase the deterrent effect of capital punishment. All evidence to date has failed to establish that the death penalty is any more effective than imprisonment than deterring crime. This establishes how imprisonment is a much more reasonable way and to an extent a more harsh way to punish offenders while simultaneously upholding the safety of society. It also demonstrates that the death penalty is not an effective deterrent for murder or any crime and therefore it is simply just another murder. Therefore this highlights that imprisonment should be the other option for murder and other countries should abolish the death penalty.
Through employing capital punishment as a sanction for murder or any crime the risk of executing an innocent person is constantly present. Additionally the death penalty is a clear violation of human rights which is why international jurisdictions should also abolish the...

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