It’s Impact on Society
Throughout the 1900s, women had to resort to unsafe abortion methods because of the lack of laws that implement to protect women. In 1969, Henery Morgentaler opened the first abortion clinic to assist women with unwanted pregnancies. This clinic was one of the main factors that brought full legalization of abortion to the attention of the Canadian government.
Previous studies have indicated that abortion debate has been a growing agreement surrounding moral and legal status of abortions. Furthermore, the goal of this essay will examine how the Abortion Act of 1969 has changed over time and its impact on society. To accomplish this, first I will discuss the history of the abortion act focusing on Henery Morgentaler. Second, I will explore the court battles that have helped to legalize abortions, including Tremblay v. Daigle and Roe v. Wade. Finally, I will study how abortion has changed over time, considering economic factors and the impact on men and women.
The History of the Abortion Act
Canada has a striking and different history around abortion; this is because of a single figure that fought for thirty years to legalize abortions in Canada. Abortion was illegal in Canada until October 27 1969 when the Canadian Parliament passed a law that allowed abortions under strict circumstances. Many mothers lives were endanger while performing unsafe abortions. However, passing the law helped to protect the rights and health of the mothers. Prime Minister Pierre Treduea introduced a bill to modify section 251 of the Criminal Code. The bill allowed physicians to perform abortions in hospitals and private clinics. All other abortions were illegal and still subject to criminal sanctions.
The women who were proceeding with illegal and unsafe abortions were forced to seek unprofessional abortionists. In 1968, Dr. Henery Morgentaler, who was previously a family physician, opened an illegal abortion clinic in Montreal to help save the lives of women. Wayne Sumner (2011) claimed that Morgentaler “considered the abortions he was performing
acts of not only compassion, but of civil disobedience.”(p.47) Three juries in Quebec found Dr. Morgentlar not guilty of a criminal offence after he was arrested for performing illegal abortions in 1970. In 1988, Parti Québécois was the newly elected provincial government and brought in Morgentlar’s case. Furthermore, they declared Moregntlar not to be accused for further charges and section 251 would no longer be sanctioned. They found that the law was not applied equality across Canada and violated the security of the person guartendeed in Section 7 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. In 1989, there was one more attempt to make abortions a crime. Since the bill died in a tie vote in the Senate, abortion law has since been unrestricted in Canada. Today, most abortions are funded by taxpayers and health systems. Gayleen Diamond-Gaber (1998) claimed that Mongtaler, who fought for 30...