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The Abortion Debate Essay

1818 words - 7 pages

Abortion is one of the most heated moral debates. It can be said that a person’s view on this issue speaks to the type of person they are in general. Most would say that someone who has a more liberal view of the world is pro choice and someone who is more conservative is pro life. Although there may prove to be a correlation between political view and view on abortion, there are people in this world on both sides of the issue. Some support a woman’s right to choose abortion, while others think the right to life is more important than a woman’s right to choose. Many people are in the middle of the issue, and support it on a situational basis. People tend to be unsure until the situation is explained and the individual takes their own morality and social morality into consideration.
Abortion is the voluntary termination of pregnancy prematurely and the expulsion of the fetus from the womb (Merriam-Webster). It is a moral decision many women are faced with each day and heard about by most people in society in one way or another. Some struggle with having to help a friend make the decision or must make the decision themselves. Others hear about abortion protests outside Planned Parenthood or other abortion clinics; they hear about marches against abortion and for prenatal testing so babies are born healthier such as March of Dimes in Washington, D.C.. There is even talk about abortion on young adult reality television shows, on shows such as 16 and Pregnant (Culp- Ressler). According to New York Magazine, who just published the stories of 26 women who had abortions, today 1 in 3 women has an abortion by age 45 (Winter). Currently there are six different types of abortion, some surgical and some non-surgical, used in the United States and different places around the world. These seven main types of abortion are: dilation and curettage (D&C); suction aspiration; dilation and evacuation (D&E); salt poisoning; prostaglandin chemical abortion or an abortion pill; hysterotomy or cesarean section; partial birth abortion (PBA) ("Surgical Abortions.").
Dilation and curettage requires the doctor to dilate the cervix and use a curette to remove the fetus and clean the wall of the uterus. Suction aspiration abortions are where the doctor inserts a suction tube into a woman’s womb and sucks the fetus out. Dilation and evacuation also requires a doctor to dilate the cervix but there are multiple tools used to remove the fetus from the uterus. Salt poisoning requires a doctor to remove amniotic fluid from the amniotic sac and replace it with saline solution, which then burns the skin of the fetus. Salt poisoning is no longer used in the United States. A prostaglandin chemical abortion is a two-part procedure in which a woman must take a cocktail to kill the fetus and another cocktail to initiate uterine contractions to begin to process of allowing the fetus to leave the uterus. This option is often referred to as an abortion pill, and...

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