Abortion has been defined as the termination of a pregnancy and is a very controversial topic (Abortion). The heated discussion about legalizing and restricting abortion has arisen over many years. During the Women's Rights Movement 1848-1920, not only were women fighting for their right to be treated like everyone else, they were fighting for the right of birth control and reproductive rights (ushistory.org). Introducing the birth control pill in the 1960s, women could finally control their pregnancies (ushistory.org).
Many contraceptive methods have been developed overtime including the barrier method, hormonal method, intrauterine method, and the sterilization method, according to Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. The barrier methods, also known as male condoms, female condoms and diaphragms are all designed to prevent sperm from entering the uterus (nichd.nih.gov).
The hormonal methods of birth control regulate or stop periods and prevent pregnancy (nichd.nih.gov). The hormones used for this type of contraception can be absorbed into the body by using pills, injections, skin patches, transdermal gels, vaginal rings, intrauterine systems and implantable rods (nichd.nih.gov). These pills can prevent ovulation by thickening the cervical mucus which helps block sperm from connecting with the egg and the pills can also thin the uterus making it more hard for the fertilized egg to attach. The way your body responds to the contraceptive depends on the type of hormone that is absorbed into your body (nichd.nih.gov).
There are two different types of intrauterine methods, the copper IUD and the hormonal IUD. The copper IUD is inserted into the uterus and can remain there for many years. This IUD releases copper into the uterus which causes the uterus to become inflamed therefore decreasing the sperms chance to enter the uterus (nichd.nih.gov). The hormonal IUD is inserted into the uterus the same way as the copper IUD but releases a hormone called progestin. This hormone causes the thickening of the cervical mucus and prohibits the sperm from contacting the egg (nichd.nih.gov).
The last type of legalized contraceptive is sterilization. Sterilization is a type of contraceptive that is permanent. It stops the woman from releasing eggs and the man from releasing sperm. There are three types of sterilization, sterilization implant, tubal ligation and a vasectomy. The sterilization implant is a small tube that is inserted into each fallopian tube. It is a quick and a nonsurgical procedure (nichd.nih.gov). After implanting the tube, scar tissue forms around it inside the fallopian tube which blocks the sperm from entering and reaching the egg. The tubal ligation is a surgical procedure where the doctor cuts and ties the fallopian tubes together to block the sperm from entering. The last sterilization method, vasectomy, is where the doctor cuts and closes the vas deferens which is a path between the testes...