It is important to know the history of one’s past. Just where did we come from and why. By comparing and contrasting the Abrahamic and Mosaic Covenants, we can see a part of our history. These two covenants mark a grand time in the history of Christians. Both covenants can teach us a lesson in becoming a better Christian and to knowing God better if we pay attention to what God wants us to learn. The Abrahamic Covenant lays the foundation for how the Christian nation was formed. The Mosaic Covenant follows in later years as a reminder of what was promised in the Abrahamic Covenant to the Christian nation. Both covenants are important in understanding the Old and New Testaments as they give us the historical background of the Bible as well as set the stage for the coming of Christ.
ABRAHAMS COVENANT WITH THE LORD
Even though God saw people as evil, he wanted to show his grace. He wanted to separate certain people in the world as His chosen people. “He wanted a chosen people: 1. To whom He might entrust the Holy Scriptures. 2. To be His witness to the other nations. 3. Through whom the promised Messiah could come” (Mears 47). This covenant is made between God and Abram. This covenant marks the beginning history of Israel, God’s chosen people.
God calls Abram while he is in Ur. He commands him to leave the country with his family to a land God has chosen. He promises to bless Abram and make his descendants form a great nation. This promise will be fulfilled in the Mosaic Covenant. God makes a promise to bless Abrams personally, and also promises that his name will be well known. This promise will later be fulfilled in the Davidic Covenant. God will bless anyone who blesses Abram, but will place a curse on anyone who attempts to curse him. Because of Abram, God agreed that all will be blessed because of Abram. This is a reference to the coming of Jesus, and includes those Christians who believed in the past, and those who believe today, as well as those who will believe in the future, in the family lineage that began with Abraham and continued through Jesus. Wealth was promised to him via sheep, goats, cattle, camels, donkeys, silver, gold, and many slaves.
When Abram moves to Hebron, he receives more promises from God. God promises to give him all the land he can see and more descendants then he would ever be able to count. Abraham was declared righteous through his faith in God. He believed what God told him, God was pleased with this and accepted him. At the old age of ninety-nine, God appears to Abram, again God tells Abram that due to him and his wife will be the mother and father to all nations that He is changing their names. God changes his name from Abram to Abraham and Abram’s wife name from Sarai to Sarah. Even though Abraham and Sarah are old, God tells them they will soon have a son. As a sign that Abraham and his descendants are keeping their promise with the Lord, all males must become circumcised.
Before this covenant would be...