More than two thousand years ago, at a time when the people in the British Isles and in most parts of Western Europe were living off the land, making do with small huts, hunting with spears and wearing animal skins around, the people of ancient Rome were building a civilization of their own, just as great as our own now. In the history of the ancient world the Romans played the part that men of our race have played in the modern world. They knew, as we claim to know, how to govern, how to conquer and fight, how to build reliable structures, how to create education in schools and come up with a reliable supply of food and water (farms and wells). They were the first to invent many things, making life easier than it would be in other civilizations. They had specific buildings for specific tasks and specialist jobs for certain people. Overall, they were way more organized than others around the world, hence the reason they were so great.
1. SYSTEM OF WRITING
The native language spoken by Romans was Latin. Its alphabet was based on the Etruscan alphabet, which was based on the Greek alphabet. Although Latin literature consists almost entirely of Classical Latin, the spoken language of the Roman Empire was Vulgar Latin, which significantly differed from Classical Latin in grammar and vocabulary, and after time pronunciation. Romans wrote with pens and ink and communicated using tablets. They used Roman Numerals for their numeric system.
While Latin remained the main written language in the Roman Empire, Greek soon became the language commonly spoken by the well-educated people, as most information studied by Romans was written in Greek.
2. CITIES AND GRAND STRUCTURES
The Romans constructed many great structures, all for many purposes. The colosseum, for example, was designed to host one of the most popular events for entertainment back then, gladiator games. Many Romans flocked to the colosseum to witness mostly unwilling participants (slaves, criminals or prisoners captured in battle) battle and kill animals or other gladiators¬¬. Another example is the many amphitheatres. They are basically open, circular buildings with a space in the centre for presentations such as plays, musical performances and ceremonies. They were surrounded with seats for spectators and citizens to view the events.
Their building techniques were much alike the way we construct nowadays.
They used stone bricks and made roads and paths to travel along. They had
bathrooms and plumbing (made of lead which actually kills you!), meaning they
did not have to travel to collect water
or go to the toilet. The Colosseum
3. ACHIEVEMENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
The Roman Empire had...