The achievement of universal primary education (UPE is the second of the MDGs. It requires that every child enroll in a primary school and completes the full cycle of primary schooling. Every child in every country would need to be currently attending school for this to be achieved by 2015. Considerable progress has been made in this regard in many countries, particularly in encouraging enrolment into the first tier of schooling. Few of the world’s poorest countries have dramatically improved enrolments, restricted gender gaps and protracted opportunities for disadvantaged groups. Enrolments across South and West Asia (SWA) and sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), in particular flew by 23 percent and 51 percent respectively between 1999 and 2007. The primary education net enrolment rates (NER) increased at a much faster pace than in the 1990s and by 2007 rose at 86 percent and 73 percent respectively in these two ...view middle of the document...
We send about six times as many people to the universities and other higher educational establishments as China does, relative to its population (Dreze & Sen 1995). This is miserable how little we have progressed in basic education. The main cause of this situation is existence of British Rule in India, who took little interest in elementary education, but was quite keen on creating institutions of higher learning. But it does not mean that India must remain imprisoned by its past.
India has made steady progress in primary education since it’s independence in 1947. India’s commitment to universal Elementary Education dates back to 1951. The directive principles of the Indian constitution stipulated that the state would endeavor to provide free and compulsory education to all children up to the age of 14 years. The commitment was reinforced by the National policy on Education, 1986. A very important step forward has been the 86th Constitution Amendment Act, passed in December 2002, making free and compulsory elementary education a Fundamental Right for all children in the age group of 6-14 years (Tenth Five Year Plan Govt. of India). Elementary Education in India comprises class to 1st to 8th, and covers children of 6-14 years. The years covered by constitutional provisions. Elementary Education is further divided in two stages, primary education up to V (6-11 years age- group) and upper primary covering classes VI to VII (11-14 years age-group).
To achieve the goal of universal of primary education, India made a progressive step by joining the UN MDGs Declaration in 2000. The achievement of MDGs of universal primary education requires 100 percent net enrolment ratio in primary school, 100 percent school compellation rate and complete closing of the gender gap in primary schooling and in youth literacy. Now we will analysis the primary educational attainment in India in the context of achieving the two indicators, net enrollment ratio and youth literacy of MDGs of universal primary education.