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The Acient City Of Athens Greece. This Report Is About How The City Of Athens Originated, How Urbanization Took Place And Monuments That Arose.

1642 words - 7 pages

Athens, GreeceAthens Greece is considered the birthplace of western civilization. The site has been inhibited for over 5000 years. It is one of the first cities to display some form of urban planning structure. The city was built in central Greece which has an geographical environment that includes It is a collection of religious temples, theatres, political and market buildings. Even in modern day many of these structures have survived and been preserved to become one of the largest tourist attractions in the world. This paper will examine the history of this great city, look at some of the main structures that were constructed over its long history.Athens , like most Greek cities originated as a coalescence of separate villages to form a powerful state. The formation of villages to form a city-state called a "Polis" was common in Greece. A Polis usually was a small, agriculture in origin, community with a central place or "city" enjoying a political independence and a strong separate identity. These separate states in Greece were never considered a nation because all of them were constantly in conflict. This is why a powerfully state was needed to survive. The city of Athens' central place included the Acropolis, Agora, a wall, Religious temples, Theatres, public baths, Stadiums and the Olympieion. Archeological finds show that Athens originated before the 3rd century before BC when the fortress was build on the acropolis. Soon to follow was a wall around the hill and the Agora in the Bronze age (1200 BC). Athens was one of the few cities to survive the late bronze age and early iron age troubled times. Reasons for this include the geographical position, its strength in its walls or the fighting spirit in the people. "The city grew about these generative element, so that the residendial arease accumulated slowly about the central building... the residential areas were cramped, unplanned, ill drained and unhealthy" (Carter pg. 19) The homes had narrow streets separating them. In the fifth and sixth century a wall was built around the city and not just the acropolis. These walls had a number of unevenly spaced gates all around. Each gate had a main street that would lead to the center of the city. "Roads tended either to follow the contours and become roughly concentric, or to link the center with the gates in the circuit wall and become radial" (Carter pg. 20). These walls attract more people as they offered even more protection for the city. The city was surrounded by agricultural land all around with the economic activity conducted inside the city. Here are some of the main features of Athens:AcropolisThe Acropolis is positioned high, on a hill called the sacred rock of Athens, at the center of the city. It was first occupied in the Neoplithic perid. "By 750 BC it has become a sacred precinct for Athena, patron goddess of the Athenians." (Me Pg. 47) It was used as a fortress for the kings and a place for religious worship and political debate....

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