This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Acient City Of Athens Greece. This Report Is About How The City Of Athens Originated, How Urbanization Took Place And Monuments That Arose.

1642 words - 7 pages

Athens, GreeceAthens Greece is considered the birthplace of western civilization. The site has been inhibited for over 5000 years. It is one of the first cities to display some form of urban planning structure. The city was built in central Greece which has an geographical environment that includes It is a collection of religious temples, theatres, political and market buildings. Even in modern day many of these structures have survived and been preserved to become one of the largest tourist attractions in the world. This paper will examine the history of this great city, look at some of the main structures that were constructed over its long history.Athens , like most Greek cities originated as a coalescence of separate villages to form a powerful state. The formation of villages to form a city-state called a "Polis" was common in Greece. A Polis usually was a small, agriculture in origin, community with a central place or "city" enjoying a political independence and a strong separate identity. These separate states in Greece were never considered a nation because all of them were constantly in conflict. This is why a powerfully state was needed to survive. The city of Athens' central place included the Acropolis, Agora, a wall, Religious temples, Theatres, public baths, Stadiums and the Olympieion. Archeological finds show that Athens originated before the 3rd century before BC when the fortress was build on the acropolis. Soon to follow was a wall around the hill and the Agora in the Bronze age (1200 BC). Athens was one of the few cities to survive the late bronze age and early iron age troubled times. Reasons for this include the geographical position, its strength in its walls or the fighting spirit in the people. "The city grew about these generative element, so that the residendial arease accumulated slowly about the central building... the residential areas were cramped, unplanned, ill drained and unhealthy" (Carter pg. 19) The homes had narrow streets separating them. In the fifth and sixth century a wall was built around the city and not just the acropolis. These walls had a number of unevenly spaced gates all around. Each gate had a main street that would lead to the center of the city. "Roads tended either to follow the contours and become roughly concentric, or to link the center with the gates in the circuit wall and become radial" (Carter pg. 20). These walls attract more people as they offered even more protection for the city. The city was surrounded by agricultural land all around with the economic activity conducted inside the city. Here are some of the main features of Athens:AcropolisThe Acropolis is positioned high, on a hill called the sacred rock of Athens, at the center of the city. It was first occupied in the Neoplithic perid. "By 750 BC it has become a sacred precinct for Athena, patron goddess of the Athenians." (Me Pg. 47) It was used as a fortress for the kings and a place for religious worship and political debate....

Find Another Essay On The Acient city of Athens Greece. This report is about how the city of Athens originated, how urbanization took place and monuments that arose.

Discusses Athens and Sparta in ancient times. Fights and government plus more. How both city-states resemble the US

578 words - 2 pages that type of society going longer.The Athens city-state resembles the United States now. Both allow all citizens to be equal and both education resemble each other. It amazing how the Athens city-state didn't get overthrown by the Spartans and how the Spartans didn't decline earlier with how they were run. Only once in ancient Greek could this have ever happened.

Athens, Greece Essay

1134 words - 5 pages Athens, Greece Athens was the intellectual center of Greece. It was one of the first city-states of its time, and is still known as one of the most famous cities in the world. It was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and the city's patron. In 508 B.C., Athens became one of the first societies in ancient times to invent democracy. Democracy came from the Greek words, demos, meaning people, and kratein, meaning to rule. This form of

Early Origins of Athens, Greece

956 words - 4 pages aristocracy replaced Solon's original idea of one city-state ruled by all. Although Athens is most famous for its democratic roots, it also participated in the first Olympic games. The games began in 776 B.C.E. until 394 A.D. and although the games originated in Greece and was only attended by Greek citizens, its growing populartiy eventually allowed participants from countries as far away as Spain and Turkey to attended. The athletic competition

The Old Oligarch: Revealing Athens as a World Class City

1089 words - 4 pages The Old Oligarch: Revealing Athens as a World Class City "It might be suggested the ability of the allies to pay tribute is the strength of Athens" (The Old Oligarch, I, 15). Indeed. It is this characteristic in particular of the Delian League that leads it to be rightfully called the Athenian Empire. If each state had maintained its own fleet, and sent it to join the League in its expeditions, they would have held on to a

Athens vs. Sparta- Compare and contrast the two cities of Ancient Greece

685 words - 3 pages be assigned a husband. If they did not pass, then they became a member of the middle class. Spartan girls are thought to have been trained just as the boys were, whereas in Athens, girls were taught domestics at school and how to read and write at home.Athens and Sparta greatly differed in numerous ways, although they were both a part of Ancient Greece. Spartans taught children to steal and kill, whereas Athenians were taught Philosophy and only a minor amount of military skills at the age of eighteen just in case. It is amazing to see two city-states of the same country differ so greatly from one another.

Comparison of Athens and Sparta. Focuses on differences between the two city states i.e. Spartan militarism vs. Athenian arts, literature, culture

1545 words - 6 pages , opening the doors for higher understanding of the worlds andone's place in it. Philosophy in Athens laid the foundation for the modern disciplines of history,political science, and biology.At first glance, it would seem that we have little in common with the Spartans, and thesimilarities between our culture and that of Ancient Greece we owe to the Athenians. It appearsthat the Spartans were less capable than the Athenians, and lacked a higher

"Prepare a report which explains how 3 urban dynamics operating in the city of Sydney have changed the nature and spatial patterns of the city

1746 words - 7 pages topography; and a wide range of socio-economic and cultural influences.This report will be based upon three urban dynamics that have an effect on the city of Sydney, they are:· Suburbanisation· Urban Decay· Urban Renewal and Gentrification· SUBURBANISATIONSuburbanisation refers to the movement of people, employment and facilities away from the inner city towards the outer urban areas. This process is common worldwide

This is an essay about the internment of the men at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba and the court proceedings which took place afterward

1231 words - 5 pages involved Cuban and Haitian migrants held in "safe haven" at Guantanamo Bay after they left their respective countries and were intercepted in international waters by the United States Coast Guard. In this case, the court came to the conclusion that "the military base at Guantanamo Bay is not within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States simply because the United States exercises jurisdiction and control over that facility" (p.28)In

MICHELANGELO'S DAVID - Explains the steps that michelangelo took to complete the work for David, gives detailed features of the sculpture, explains how it became the symbol of the city

1853 words - 7 pages were Leonardo da Vinci, Botticelli, Filippino Lippi, Perugino, and Piero di Cosimo. After much debate, it was decided that Donatello's Judith be removed from the entrance to the Palazzo Vecchio in order to make room for Michelangelo's David. Michelangelo wrote about this ordeal in his diaries:"When I returned to Florence, I found myself famous. The City Council asked me to carve a colossal David from a nineteen-foot block of marble -- and damaged to

This is an expository essay on the short story "Wyoming: The Solace of Open Spaces," by Gretel Erlich. The essay is about how people in Wyoming are like compared to people who live in the city

1095 words - 4 pages events for which he or she is applauded or exiled but a slow accumulation of days, seasons, years, fleshed out by the generational weight of ones family and anchored by a land bound sense of place" (209). Erlich uses the words weight and anchored as if people are weighed down by their family and their home. These people are humbled by their family and their home. What she is saying is that life is not about what people think of you whether it is

Chicago: The City That Taught Me How to Love

1386 words - 6 pages explore them. I grew the desire to want to hear what the voice of the city had to say. As our time passed in Chicago, Rebecca and I realized that we were spending more and more time together. I knew that the feelings I had for Rebecca never fully went away and this time around she knew that what she felt about me was stronger than she had originally thought. On the second day of April we sat up late into the evening talking and when we

Similar Essays

Athens: The History Of The City

1806 words - 7 pages , Euripides and many others were born. It is the place that humanism and democracy were born. The intellectual light that Athens created will always be alive? (http://www.sikyon.com/Athens/athens_eg.html). Bibliography 1)Ancient Athens of Greece.? 29 Jul. 2002. 12 Dec. 2003<http://www.sikyon.com/Athens/athens_eg.html>. 2)Athens World Book Encyclopedia.1990. 3)Athens, Greece. Wguides.com. 12 Dec. 2003. <http://www.wguides.com/city/382

The Impact Of Pericles In The City Of Athens

1154 words - 5 pages Imagine a general of immense wealth, integrity, and great perverseness. This description fits a certain person well: Pericles. Pericles was a brave man, and he did things to the best of his abilities. He was born a wealthy child, and of course used this to his advantage. He honestly thought that he could have a big impact on the city of Athens and maybe even the entire world. He have thought this way because, “His father Xanthippus had

This Essay Is About Comparing And Contrasting The Athenians And The Spartans, The Two Most Outstanding City States Of Greece

675 words - 3 pages state and the role of the citizens, they were similar for the fact that they were powerful unbeatable states. It is hard to believe that they have so many differences even though they were in the same country. Nowadays, Athens and Sparta are the most famous city-states of Greece; it is surely because of the power they obtained over the country and the unique characteristics they had.

The Two Great Cities Of Greece: Sparta And Athens

1319 words - 6 pages The two great cities of Greece - Sparta and Athens, have adapted similar, yet different laws that shaped them differently. Although Lycurgus was the first lawgiver of Sparta, little is known about his history today as he is overlooked because of the other great known heroes from Sparta. Lycurgus took the first step towards law making that dealt with inequality and injustice, and brought relief among the Leconian citizens. He was seen as a