The advanced styles and designs of the Acropolis show the genius behind their beginnings which make the Acropolis one of the most iconic complexes in the Ancient World.
The information will be pooled from several reliable resources and is meant to inform the reader on the history and design of the Acropolis.
Travel back to the time of gods wielding thunder bolts and the power to move the Sun across the sky. Gladiator’s fought for blood in monumental arenas and men ran faster than thought possible. Where a crown of olive branches was worth more than a wagon-load of gold. A time when men combined their strength to lift tons of stone more than 50 feet in the air to construct immense temples and monuments that would last thousands of years to come. This is Ancient Greece during its Golden Age.
The worship of gods was not just a practice for the Ancient Greeks it was a passion and they took it very seriously. Huge temples were built across the Peloponnesus and beyond that honored their respective gods in the Greek religion. Parades, sacrifices, banquets, and week long celebrations were held in honor of these gods that the Greeks based nearly their entire society off of. The Greeks would offer their lives, their family’s lives, all of their possessions to please the gods.
Possibly one of the greatest testaments to the Greeks passion for their gods is the Acropolis and Parthenon in Athens, Greece. “. . . temple after temple, each more gorgeous and more perfect than the one before, rose all over the Greek main land, to reach a final climax in the Athenian Parthenon . . .” (Hamlin 124). Here Hamlin explains the greatness of what was achieved in Athens at the Acropolis and how nothing beyond that point could compare.
The giant religious complex that is the Acropolis served as a communal religious center not only for the Athenians but all Greeks. Rivaling none in its grandeur the Acropolis serves as the high point in Athens both physically and figuratively.
HISTORY OF THE ACROPOLIS
The Acropolis sits on top of an ancient rock that is part of the Higgins limestone ridge at the base of the Attica Plateau. The flat top of the rock was shaped over time by the multiple civilizations that had built on that location before during the Neolithic and Early-Middle Bronze Ages.
Artifacts such as the remains of tools and pottery and the simple constructions of houses and graves prove the existence of these civilizations. “There was also a scatter of shards (pottery) on the north slope . . . From this evidence we may deduce the existence of small, scattered communities of Neolithic inhabitants . . .” (Hopper 19). Also tools from Early Bronze Age inhabitants were found on the south slope of the Acropolis.
Early Greek temples were built on site but little is known or can be found of them. These would have been built in the Middle Bronze Age and would have been very simple containing pottery,...