The Actions of Three Great Men and How They Made Canada Stronger

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The Actions of Three Great Men and How They Made Canada Stronger

Throughout Canadian history, we experienced many events that made our country both stronger and weaker. At times, we were looked upon as a nation with great potential, great peacekeeping service, and even a nation where its citizens were proud to be Canadian. Although, Canada did show signs of negativity as some of our actions made us look like terrible people and overall others had a “weak” view of the nation. During the 20th century, there were however 3 men that did prove that they did what they did not just only for themselves, but for the commonwealth of the population. These 3 men, William Lyon Mackenzie King, Lester Bowles Pearson, and Pierre Elliot Trudeau shaped Canada in making Canada stronger.

William Lyon Mackenzie King was the 10th Prime Minister of Canada. During his time in office, he created the Unemployment Insurance Act, formed the Old Age Pensions Act, and appointed the first women to the Senate. King helped Canada become a stronger nation through these actions. During the time when King was in office, women were not eligible to become senators because they were not persons in the eyes of the law (The Government of Canada, 1). In 1930, Cairine Wilson was the first woman appointed to the Senate (The Government of Canada, 1). This action was done through Mackenzie King. This was a major step for Canada as The Famous 5 just won in the “Persons Case” against the Ivy Council of Britain as women were to be seen as persons in the eye of the law (The Government of Canada, 1). King played a big role in equality rights of men and women during a time where women were seen in a negative role and how they didn’t have the abilities men had. King created a stepping-stone for women across Canada, which gave them the hope and ability to be able to be equal to men. King also created Old Age Pensions for retired citizens in 1927 (Makarenko, 1). This service was limited to seniors (65 years of age and older) whose annual income was less than $350 per month (Makarenko, 1). This helped older people be able to receive some payment to support themselves, as they couldn’t work. There were some issues in the system and how it operated but overall, Canada’s elderly were given financial help that most needed in order to survive. This was a piece of Canada that was able to become stronger in the sense of stability. Aside from the Old Age Pension Act, King also created the Unemployment Insurance Act, which are social welfare payments given to the unemployed population. At first, the Unemployment Act excluded many types of employment such as agriculture, and jobs that earned more than $2,000 per year (Makarenko, 1). This was the responsibility of the provinces, but after acquiring unanimous provincial consent, he made it become a federal issue (Makarenko, 1). The British Parliament made a change to the British North American Act (now the Canadian Constitution) stating that unemployment...

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