The Adopted Codes of Conduct for Psychological Research There is a belief among psychologists that by carrying out an
experiment we should be lead to understand ourselves better and to the
enhancement of the human condition and promotion of human welfare.
This can only be completed if the experiment is ethically right to all
parties involved. Ethics in an experimental situation deals with the
idea of morality, what would be considered morally right behaviour in
sight of a specific scientific goal.
One idea which all psychologists agree on today which can be very
rare, are the adopted codes of conduct for psychological research,
these were created in 1985 by the British Psychological Society (BPS)
in order to minimize the risk to human participants.
There are six ethical principles which must be carried out in order
for the codes of conduct to be complete. These include informed
consent, where all subjects should be informed full information about
the objectives of the research. In particular subjects should be told
information that could prevent or permit their choice to participate
in the experiment. Subjects should have the right to withdraw;
participants should be informed that they can leave the experiment at
any stage regardless of any payment. Intentional deception should be
avoided at all times; subjects shouldn't be misleading deliberately
without strong scientific justification. Researchers should offer full
information about and explanation of research to participants so a
full debriefing should be acknowledged. Confidentiality should be up
held by researchers for their subjects at all times due to legislation
requirements, if any data is published this should not be identifiable
unless agree previously. When carrying out observation research
psychologists must also follow the code of conduct by respecting the
privacy of psychological well being of the individuals studied.
Finally BPS guidelines require researchers to give full protection to
their participants that they should not experience any physical or
mental harm greater than what is experienced in everyday life. In
order to keep to the last requirement giving full protection
psychologists follow the code of not experimenting on minors which
include any children under the age of 16.
As the law of the BPS has only just been passed in 1985 there have
been many previous studies carried out by psychologist which have made
many break troughs in human behaviour, although there have also been
some ethical problems toward subjects as the BPS laws had not been
followed. One psychologist named...