People see pictures every day and everywhere. They are in the newspapers, on wall as art, on billboards too. Photographs didn’t exist not long ago but when they were developed they took the world by storm. Nearly 200 years later people have cameras in their phones and can print pictures wirelessly straight from our phones or cameras. The invention of photography was an advancement that not only changed humanities but also changed the world as it evolved.
Photography was developed towards the end of Industrial Revolution and the beginning of the Victorian Era. It’s no surprise that photography was also developed during the industrial revolution seeing that many developments were made during that time period. The 19th Century was also known as the Romantic Era, where people revolted against the political and social regularity’s during the Age of Enlightenment (Rosenblum, 2010).This Era took a steep turn into realism through the art of photography, since it brought a realistic sense of whatever it captured rather than viewing a painting through an artist’s perceptions and interpretations.
Photography was not invented by one person alone but by many. There are several advancements that lead to the first photograph and they started far back in history when the Greek philosophers were still alive (Goldberg, 1991). These philosophers described a theory that showed the principles of the camera. Another discovery made in 1727 by Johann Heinrich Schulze showed that silver nitrate darkened when it’s exposed to light (Rosenblum, 2010). Together these two advancements lead to the first photographic image in 1814 by Joseph Niepce, however the photograph faded in hours and could not be preserved. Twenty three years Louis Daguerre took a photograph that was able to be well-preserved. This method was known as the Daguerreotype.
The daguerreotype was created in 1839, the method used a copper plate coated with silver iodide and was then exposed to the sun for a short while. The image was created due to the darkening of silver nitrate in the sun (Goldberg, 1991). Later the image was enhanced through the use of mercury vapors in a darkroom. The daguerreotype soon saw other advancements that improved the speed at which the photograph was the taken, the clarity of the final photograph and size of the photography.
Photography was rapidly recognized by many around the world after the daguerreotype. People started taking portrait photographs that they could carry around with them. Even middle class and working class people could now afford portraits leaving the more expensive and more time consuming paintings in the dark (Rosenblum, 2010). Artists started to feel threatened that they soon would no longer be needed as long as photographs were taken. However, painting always has and always will bring a new and different perspective to art and the humanities. As taking photographs became a realistic sense of art people started taking naturalistic and architectural...