The Pros And Cons Of Proportional Representation (Pr)

1412 words - 6 pages

The results of recent elections in Britain raised many significant questions about current political situation in the country, particularly concerning electoral system. Therefore the problem of “crisis” in democracy of Britain was the subject of wide speculation among analysts and political scientists over last years. In addition it is widely recognized that the traditional electoral system in the UK-first past the post- is the main cause of that crisis and should be replaced as part of a plan to reconstitute the democratic culture (Kelly 2008). By longstanding critics of the system, opponents advocate the use of proportional representation (PR) for selecting MPs. Due to this problem it is going to be a referendum on changing the electoral system of the country's parliamentary elections. Arguments in favor of the adoption of proportional representation in UK have been made much more widely in recent years than in the case in favor of maintaining the current system of the majority vote. In this essay I would like to help restore the balance pointing out some misapprehensions in the critique of the plurality vote and to indicate some disregarded advantages of the present electoral system in Britain.
The principal advantage of PR is its association with greater fairness rather than the majoritarian system. This is related with the following factors: firstly, there is an opportunity for each political party to gain seats in proportion to the number of polls, secondly voters have wide range of parties for voting. With several parties constituents have a huge variety and are more likely to find a party which represents their political beliefs rather than in a two-party system. John Stuart Mill (1861), the most known stickler of PR, emphasized the significance of full spectrum of choices and representation of their various interests. "I cannot see," he wrote, "why the feelings and interests which arrange mankind according to localities, should be the only ones thought worthy of being represented."
Another important reason for changing electoral system is higher voter turnout. Overall public participation estimated to be 10-12 rercent higher in countries with PR than in appropriate countries having FPTP (Lijphart 1997). This is mostly because of the trust of people that their vote would be reckoned, supporters of small parties are likely to be represented by delegates to share their political views and beliefs.
According to many researches PR provides better representation for racial and sexual minorities. The 1982 amendments to the Voting Rights Act in USA leaded to increase in number of Black and Latino members in House (Guinier 1994). Due to increase of representation, PR in turn inspires minority communities to activate and win access to authority.
Also it could be argued that PR finishes gerrymandering, the process of drawing distinctive lines for political purposes. If to believe the words of congresswoman E, Johnson the redistricting process...

Find Another Essay On The Pros and Cons of Proportional Representation (PR)

The Pros and Cons of Gay Marriage

1346 words - 5 pages part in the gay marriage legalization process. Same-sex marriage is a major controversial issue in the United States; specific examples would be the views of Americans, pros and cons of same-sex marriage, and the reality of it in the United States. The views of Americans are extremely different from one another. The people of America have many different opinions about gay marriage. In 1996, 27 percent of United States citizens approved of

The pros and cons of immigration

1400 words - 6 pages American Society 2013/2014 Zuzana Ďuržová Mid-Term Essay - The pros and cons of immigration Immigration is the movement of people between countries. People are moving from their home country to search for better opportunities, career or education a chance for better life. People are looking for business opportunities, experience, or may have personal reasons such as family or marriage. If I we are talking about positive and negative aspects

The Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering

820 words - 3 pages to create the perfect race, was dolly the sheep just a stepping stone to improved biological weapons. Genetic engineering seems to have the pros and cons, but the cons are basically assuming the worst or are being used for the destruction of mankind, rather than the saving of mankind. The reduction of the gene pool also seems to be a huge risk to take. If recessive genes are erased from an organism, then the gene pool will be reduced resulting

The Pros and Cons of Capital Punishment

906 words - 4 pages The Pros and Cons of Capital Punishment Since the mid 1900’s, capital punishment has brought many individuals into many diverse view points throughout the years. Capital punishment is a way of punishing a convict by killing him or her because of the crime he or she committed. Capital punishment will always have its pros and cons. There are opponents who absolutely disagree with capital punishment. And then there are advocates who

Pros and Cons of the Washing Machine

1123 words - 4 pages more pros than cons or vice versa, but conducting research is always helpful when deciding. Washing machines have truly changed how many live their lives today. “Every year, everyday, the heavy work of the house wife becomes a little easier” ( Pantzar 11). Washing machines are one of the most popular household devices in many cases. Relieving labor, allowing more time, and customizing the washing machine are all amenities of the washing machine

The Pros and Cons of Free Music

1286 words - 5 pages of your and. Now it’s up to the record labels and artist to not be greedy and let the music be free. Works Cited Castle, Frank. Pros & Cons of Free Music. Article Alley. 10th January 2011. Web. 10th January 2014. Flores, Homer. Personal Interview. 20 January 2014. Oak, Manali. Pros & Cons of Downloading Music. Buzzle. 30th August 2008. Web. 10th January 2014. Rodriguez, Vivian. Personal Interview. 20 January 2014. Sanchez, Chenzo. Personal Interview. 20 January 2014.

The Pros and Cons of Hydropower

2220 words - 9 pages . & Weir, D. A. (1986). Renewable energy resources. London, Great Britain: E. & F.N.Spoon Ltd. Water projects. (n.d). Pros and cons. Retrieved from http://drake.marin.k12.ca.us/stuwork/rockwater/Upload%20this%20doc--dams%20and%20hydropower%20report/pros%20and%20cons.html Ricky (2008, Sept 13). Components of Nuclear Power Plant – Control Rods. Retrieved from http://www.brighthub.com/engineering/mechanical/articles/2724.aspx Delgano, A. (2009, Feb

The Pros and Cons of Gun Control

1654 words - 7 pages This essay will discuss the pros and cons of gun control. Some U.S. States have already adopted some of these gun control laws. I will be talking about the 2nd amendment, public safety, home safety, and do gun control laws really control guns. I hope after you have read this you will be more educated, and can pick your side of the gun control debate. So keep reading and find out more about the gun control laws that the federal and some state

The Pros and Cons of Technology

1522 words - 6 pages The Pros and Cons of Technology As far back as I can remember my family and I have taken advantage of technology. The types of technology have changed over the years, along with our usage and dependence on it. Technology is a fundamental part of our lifestyle, including both work and play. What is interesting is that we also have many friends who use very little technology in their day-to-day living. This drastic difference makes one wonder

The pros and cons of DNA profiling.

875 words - 4 pages Does DNA profiling in its current state offer foolproof identification? What needs to be in place for it to be error-free? Should all incarcerated criminals be forced to give samples? Should convicted juveniles? Should the general public be required to give a DNA sample? The pros of DNA profiling are that it can be used to quickly eliminate a suspect, saving time in searches for perpetrators. And it can provide compelling evidence to support a

The Pros and Cons of Nationalism

721 words - 3 pages about the country. This papers purpose is to illustrate the pros of nationalism as well as its cons. Beginning with America, there is a strong sense of nationalism. Being called patriotic would signify you support America and the ideals the flag stands for. It has many meanings to every individual, either learned through school or something they may have had happen and symbolize it with the flag. For instance, after September 11 happened

Similar Essays

The Pros And Cons Of The Internet

1219 words - 5 pages The computer has had a tremendous impact on society as we know it. It gives a voice to those who cannot speak and those who cannot breathe on their own receive mechanically computerized help. The computer has given us many wonderful things used for wonderful purposes, but there are vast ways in which these things have been misused by our people. One of these things is the internet and a common way it is misused is by way of plagiarism

Pros And Cons Of The Promotional Mix.

972 words - 4 pages which is advertising, personnel selling, sales promotion and public relations tools. No matter how good a strategy or a plan is perform; advantage and disadvantage are surely to exist. The main purpose of conducting this literature review is to precisely identify the advantages and disadvantages of the four elements. One of the most popular promotional elements that company usually us is the advertising, but before we look into the pros and cons

The Pros And Cons Of Social Media

1719 words - 7 pages use of social media does not turn into social dysfunction. Works Cited Birnie, S. A. and Horvath, P. (2002), Psychological Predictors of Internet Social Communication. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. Carey, Dachary. "Online Social Networking Pros and Cons." Life123. Web. 16 Feb. 2014. . "Conformity: The

The Pros And Cons Of Imperialism

531 words - 2 pages hand, the new imperialism was the period between the years “1870-1914”, where Europe became more focused on expanding their land into Asia and Africa. Imperialism had many pros and cons. In addition, it also had many causes led by the feeling of nationalism. Several significant causes led to the rise of imperialism in Europe. Economy played a role in the rise. For instance, many nations demanded more natural resource that they did not have on