Today a percentage of the population is addicted to sugar and over the years sugar has been given a bad reputation that if you consume too much you will have a higher risk of developing some type of disease. Well in attempt to live a healthy life, people today are relying on artificial sweeteners. With this notion, the question still today is whether or not artificial sweeteners are healthier then just consuming regular table sugar. This paper will discuss the adverse affects of consuming artificial sweeteners and the effects they have on a person’s body.
First, we have hydroortho-sulfa mine benzoic acid, also known as saccharin. With a name like that, its no wonder we refer to it as saccharin or that little pink packet. The molecular formula of saccharin is C7H5NO3S. Saccharin was first discovered in 1878 by a chemist named Constatin Fahlberg. He discovered saccharin when he didn’t wash his hands after fumbling with coal tar while working in the coal industry. Saccharin is three hundred times sweeter than regular sugar. If consumed in large quantities it can leave a chemical aftertaste. Saccharin is known to be in low fat jams, sodas, baked goods, as well as cough syrup.
Saccharin is an artificial sweetener that doesn’t get metabolized in our body. There is only a small trace of hydrolytic products detected in our urine. Therefore, saccharin goes through our body unchanged and not metabolized.
In addition, Saccharin has been known for potentially causing bladder cancer, but according to wpi.edu,“This study was disproved first because of the unreasonably high dosages of saccharin that rats were given, and secondly because differences in the mechanism in which saccharin produced bladder 55 cancer in rats were revealed.. Sodium saccharin, unlike typical carcinogens, does not interact with DNA to cause cancer. Instead, it leads to an increase in cell proliferation in urothelium, and because this is saccharin’s only target tissue, the possibility of causing cancer is limited to the urinary milieu, and according to a study done by Ellwein & Cohen from Stanford University, it is very unlikely that saccharin has an effect on the human urothelium even at the highest levels of possible human saccharin consumption.” (Lebedev, Park, Yaylaian)
Second, we have aspartame. Aspartame is the blue little packet that we all know as Equal. The molecular formula of aspartame is C14H18N2O5. Aspartame was discovered in 1965 by a chemist named James Schlatter at John Hopkins by licking his fingers while working on an anti-ulcer drug. Aspartame is one hundred and eighty times sweeter than regular sugar, which triggers our taste buds the moment it hits them. Aspartame is known to be in energy drinks, regular drinks, snacks, and yogurt.
The components of aspartame occur naturally in foods, but aspartame it self must be manufactured through a process of fermentation and synthesis. Aspartame gets metabolized through the gastrointestinal tract where the peptide...