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The Affect Of Revolutionary Political Ideas And Conditions On Modern World History From World War I To The 1970s.

1724 words - 7 pages

Modern World HistoryExamQuestion: Why and how did revolutionary political conditions exercise such a powerful influence over world history in the period from roughly World War I until the early 1970s?Throughout history, revolutions have shaped countries into their present forms. As the world became more interconnected, these changes have affected all countries not just those that were changed through rebellion. Revolution is a very powerful political maneuver; it is a complete change in many aspects of a country, including the economy, political alliances, and the society as a whole. The fact that a revolution in one country will affect the whole world makes a revolution even more powerful, as a tool for shaping a country in ways that may change the world.The first major revolution that started to reshape the world was the Bolshevik Revolution. The Bolsheviks converted Russia from an obsolete tsarist regime to a more modern communist organization. Communism was a major change from the original way of life in Russia. The monarchs were done away with, the tsar and his children were killed. The agrarian system of economy was changed to rapid industrialization in order to compete with the very industrialized countries of Western Europe. Due to political and economic reasons, Russia signed a non-aggression treaty with Germany and left World War I. Russia's change to communism had a large affect on the world, especially due to the fact that it was during the later years of World War I. Germany no longer had to fight a two front war; they could concentrate all of their power on the eastern front. This was a tremendous relief for Germany. On the eastern front, their soldiers were dieing quickly and supplies were running low. However, now they could replenish their forces, supplies, and morale. This gave Germany new hope that they could achieve their goals in the war, and made them fight harder. On the other hand, the Allied powers were now having a tougher time just keeping their position in the war. The Allies were suffering a tremendous amount of loses. More men and supplies were needed, further bankrupting the economies of several of the Allied powers for years to come after World War I."Although seeds of fascist ideology can be found in nineteenth-century intellectual thought, fascism emerged as a political force only in the aftermath of World War I. Germany emerged from the war with a burning sense of humiliation and resentment. Not only had the "invincible" German army been defeated in battle, but in addition, the victors, France and England, forced Germany to sign the demoralizing Treaty of Versailles, which put responsibility for starting World War I squarely on Germany" (Chaterjee 129). Many of the nationalists in Germany felt they were "sold out" by the new government. Adolf Hitler, who was a soldier in World War I, became the founder and leader of the NAZI Party in Germany. Hitler rallied his nationalist party around anti-socialism and...

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