Introduction: Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)
There can be no gainsaying as to the fact that a large fraction of the American citizenry remains devoid of health insurance. This means that average Americans, running into millions, find it increasingly difficult to access healthcare of whatever nature. As a consequence, this disadvantage has resulted in the proliferation of ailments and deaths that could well be avoided. Perhaps it is best we ask ourselves why the access to affordable healthcare has not been prioritized by previous administration regimes, being that it is the fulcrum of well-being and basically the backbone of a healthy, working nation. The answer should have been realized sooner, rather than latter, but as it turns out, Americans had to content with agitating for this basic necessity and on March, 2010, their efforts were rewarded by the signing into law by President Barrack Obama, of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), better known as the Obama Care Act (The White House, 2014). In summary, the PPACA act, considered a revolutionary legislation, would extend comprehensive, cheap, and quality insurance coverage for/to many Americans. The purpose of this research paper is to discuss the advantages, disadvantages, and inherent effects of the Affordable Care Act in order to determine from current and past literature, whether or not the act should be subjected to reforms.
Summary of the PPACA Act
In order to effectively comprehend, analyze and present the arguments for and against the Affordable Care Act, it is of ultimate importance that we emphatically define and summarize the act, and whatever content it entails. As stated by Democratic Policy & Communications Center (2014), PCACA contains nine titles, each of which addresses a specific area of reform within the healthcare system. However, due to the limitation of space, we will only focus on what the Act itself contemplates to offer the average American citizen. In essence, the first objective of the act speaks directly to the need for quality and affordable healthcare for all American citizens, through shared responsibility by government, individual Americans, and employers alike. The second objective reflects the need to improve the value and efficiency of healthcare by restricting wasteful spending and ensuring transparency, integrity and accountability within the healthcare system. The need to revamp the healthcare workforce to reflect diversity cuts across as the third objective, which essentially provides for strategic investment in public health, focusing primarily on the expansion of preventive care.
It is impossible not to contemplate the impact of reforms and policies, such as those listed above, on the American healthcare system. In effect, the ACA guarantees an almost universal access to affordable healthcare insurance, right from the period an individual is born, to the period depicting their retirement. As stated by Rosenbaum...