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The African American Journey Essay

1118 words - 5 pages

“If my body is enslaved, still my mind is free” (Sophocles Quote). Early in beginnings of slavery in the United States this quote never seemed true to the enslaved african population. Though throughout time, this quote became more of an goal. That even if somebody is oppressing me physically, I can still remain emotionally in charge. African Americans went through a lot and have gotten very far in society. The journey starts with fighting for citizenship and globally ends with the battle for equality.
The American Civil war was the beginning of trying to obtain citizenship for African Americans. Northern states wanted to free the slaves, and Southern states did not. That was the basis of ...view middle of the document...

These tactics worked, and the south re-joined the union.
Later on in history the 13th amendment sets in stone that Slavery is not permitted. The 14th gives citizenships to the African Americans, and lastly the 15th gives African American MEN the right to vote. Southern states were in an outrage. They decided that they would still torment them. They put in Jim Crow Laws telling the “colored” people where they could go and even where to sit on a bus. The formal word for this is segregation (Jim Crow Laws). This was challenged in the court case Plessy v. Ferguson. When Homer Plessy was jailed for sitting in the “White” car of the East Louisiana Railroad. Plessy was ancestral a Creole of Color. He could pass for white, but this wasn't the mission. He boarded the “White” car on purpose and proclaimed that he was in fact african american. This was a direct violation of the “Separate Car Act.” What they brought to the court was that the “Separate Car Act” was unconstitutional. That it violated Plessy’s rights as a citizen. This court case resulted in the “Separate but Equal” ruling. This saying that as long as accommodations were of equal quality they can be racially separated. The black community was in an outrage (Rise and Fall of Jim Crow).
Many civil rights groups began to form. The first group that only handled the political side was the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Another group led by Martin Luther King Jr, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). They promoted silent protest. The story of Rosa Parks being arrested for not sitting in the right place was the trigger for their biggest move. It led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott. They had a mission to stop riding the busses (Montgomery bus boycott). They used church vans and more to carry their “brothers and sisters” to where they needed to go. Teenagers wanted to march and protest, so King decided so have a group called the Student Nonviolent Coordinating committee(SNCC). This group was well known for their participation in sit-ins. There goal, to integrate the lunch counters. They would sit at the lunch counters and be bullied. The police would drag them away for being on private property. King was also placed in jail, for violating Alabama’s law against mass public demonstrations.

Works Cited
"Atlanta in the Civil Rights...

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