The Effect Of Ultrasound On Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

2261 words - 9 pages

Running head: ULTRASOUND AND CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME The Effects of Ultrasonic Therapy on Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Introduction Ultrasound Therapy In therapy, many different heating agents are used to treat patients. Heat enhances joint mobility, reduces pain, and increases blood flow to an area. To receive the optimal benefits from heat, the patient's tissue temperature must be raised to 105 to 113 degrees. Therapists must be cautious of any temperatures that exceed 113 degrees. Contraindications to using heat are sensory deficits, acute diagnoses, elderly and pediatric populations, and patients suffering from vascular impairment (Pedretti & Early, 2001).One of the most prevalent heating agents is therapeutic ultrasound. According to Pedretti and Early (2001), ultrasound is a technique that is utilized by penetrating the deep muscles through sound waves. A transducer generates these sound waves, when the waves reach the tissues, they vibrate the molecules causing friction, allowing for the production of heat. The therapist gently massages the patient's limb in a rhythmic motion with the transducer, allowing the sound waves to reach the deep muscles. To promote this deep penetration a gel is applied to the limb in which the transducer glides across when massaging. The MHz setting dictates the frequency of the sound waves. The W/cm2 is the intensity or the depth to which the heat can reach. For example, at 1 W/cm2, heat can travel up to 5cm in depth. Ultrasound can also be used as a nonthermal agent in therapy. The sound waves can penetrate different anti-inflammatory medications into the skin without the use of heat. This technique is typically referred to as phonophoresis. Ultrasound can be used on diagnoses such as carpal tunnel syndrome, lateral epicondylitis, and calcific shoulder. Therapists use ultrasound to treat "joint contractures, scarring with associated adhesions and muscle spasms" (Pedretti & Early, 2001, p.521). Many professionals, such as occupational and physical therapists use ultrasound when treating their patients. Rehabilitation aides are also trained in the use of ultrasound therapy.Carpal Tunnel Syndrome According to Ebenbichler, Resch, Nicolakis, and Wiesinger (1998) carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is one of the most common types of nerve entrapments. CTS's are caused by compression of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel of the wrist. Symptoms include numbness and tingling in the digits innervated by this nerve and weakness in digit I abduction. Repetitive motions such as flexion and extension of the wrist induce CTS. Treatments vary from stretching education to surgery.Review of the Literature Ultrasound Therapy on Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Ebenbichler, Resch, Nicolakis, and Wiesinger (1998) explored the effect of ultrasound on carpal tunnel syndrome. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of ultrasound therapy for the patient suffering from mild to moderate...

Find Another Essay On The Effect Of Ultrasound On Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: definition, causes, treatment, prevention

1523 words - 6 pages bones on bottom. There are several factors that take or restrict the space within this band, causing pressure against the components. When the median nerve gets compressed or squeezed along with the tendons it causes carpal tunnel syndrome. The median nerve provides sensation to most of the hand except for the little finger. The tendons control the movement of fingers (Appendix, fig 2). This injury is considered a chronic injury if untreated

Studies Carried Out To Explore the Outcomes of Endoscopic and Open Carpal Tunnel Release

2411 words - 10 pages endoscopic group may result in decreased need for therapy and rehabilitation cost in the future9. Nevertheless, the small size of benefit, similar length of work absence, and higher rate of repeat surgery make the cost effectiveness of endoscopic surgery uncertain9. Conclusion Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common condition affecting more women than men1. It has major impacts on patients as it affects their activity daily living1. Two surgical

The Physics of Ultrasound

873 words - 3 pages beams, this delay is necessary in order to escape misplacement of the returning echo on the screen (Kremkau 103). In summary, the medical imaging technology of ultrasound is founded on the world of physics. As we understand more and more about waves and how they functions, ultrasound imaging capabilities expand, allowing for the increasingly accurate diagnostic of medical problems.

Essay On 'A Christmas Carol,' And 'Through The Tunnel.'

2797 words - 12 pages son's point of view. Lessing sets the story on a safe beach at first but then completely contrasts the surrounding by describing a 'wild bay.' For example, '....rough, sharp rocks and the crisping, lapping surface showed strains of purple and darker blue.' From this quotation, the adjectives, 'blue' and 'purple' give connotations of darkness and to an extent pain and the verb 'strains' emphasises this effect. A dangerous atmosphere is also created by


1789 words - 8 pages differentiation while several review papers suggesting the antidiabetic mechanism, various pharmaceutical effects of the plant and emphasized its efficacy and safety aspects. Therefore, the present review aims to describe the effect of bitter melon extracts on various parameters of metabolic syndrome, obesity and related cardiovascular complications. Moreover, this review will also find out the possible mechanisms responsible for anti-obesity

Is there a light at the end of the tunnel

1457 words - 6 pages Is There a Light at The End of The Tunnel? A Comparative Study Between Religious and Secular Prophecies Upon the Dawning of The New Millennium.People believe that the year 2000 brings worldwide devastation. They are preparing themselves for Y2K, apocalypse, and the second coming of Christ. People are taken in on a huge hype that the year 2000 will be the end of the world for everyone.Some people believe that the pending year 2000 bug will wreak

The Effects of Angelman Syndrome on Behavior, Cognition, & Development

929 words - 4 pages report on three cases. Developmental Medicine Child Neurology 1965; 7: 681–88. Centre, C., & Disorders, N. (2002). The effect of environmental events on smiling and laughing behavior in Angelman, 194–200. Clayton-Smith, J., & Laan, L. (2003). Angelman syndrome: a review of the clinical and genetic aspects. Journal of medical genetics, 40(2), 87–95. Retrieved from

The Effect of Pesticides on the Environment

583 words - 2 pages The Effect of Pesticides on the Environment Whenever the subject of pesticides comes up, it's easy to point a finger at farmers. But we homeowners, with our manicured lawns and exotic flower gardens, have nothing to be smug about. Each year we pour approximately 136 million pounds of pesticides on our homes, lawns, and gardens, which amounts to three times more per acre than the average farmer applies. In fact, most of the wildlife pesticide

The Effect of Media on the World

1194 words - 5 pages Though the letter was replaced by a tweet, and the newspaper boy was replaced by a blogger, the effect of the media on the world is unparalleled. Still, there is always going to be the question of how much, and by what means, does the media affect our lives. To try to answer this question, resources such as the Imprints textbook, multiple news articles in prominent news agencies and other sources like The Guardian and Al Jazeera, and the

The Effect of Colonialism On The World

1378 words - 6 pages wrong place. It is true that Antigua has had their problems with a dishonest government that is more interested in stuffing their pockets with overseas money than doing anything to improve the state of education. While thinking the effects is on religion, business, and education, sometimes the effect of unfairness is left forgotten. We must realize that these are human beings that, in some cases, have just recently gained independence from their

The Effect of Technology on Children

2435 words - 10 pages Almost every child between the ages of eight and twelve are getting cell phones. The average home in America has as many televisions as they do people. Only 20% of American homes do not have a computer. Technology is quickly becoming a new way of life. The amount of time people are on their devices is growing rapidly. According to The Huffington Post, people are on their devices for on average about eleven hours and fifty-two minutes a day

Similar Essays

The Evolution Of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

3341 words - 13 pages of the carpal tunnel has an effect on the risk of an individual to develop the syndrome. It is has been shown that females make up to 80% of all CTS cases . It is hypothesized that this high statistic is due to the decreased size and “squarer” shape wrists of the female carpal tunnel. The woman’s carpal tunnel has an average width of 2.04 ± 0.14 cm and a depth-to-width ratio of 0.50 ± 0.7 compared to the man’s carpal tunnel average width of 2.33

Intervention On Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Essay

1249 words - 5 pages The behaviors my intervention will target will be to wear my carpal tunnel brace every night as I was told by my doctor and to perform my daily stretches for the carpal tunnel. It is important to change these behaviors because if I do not my carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) could worsen and I could potentially need surgery to correct it. Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by pressure on the median nerve (Morina et al., 2012 ). I would rather avoid

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Essay

2504 words - 10 pages syndrome is related to many repetitive type movements that cause a pinching in the median nerve of the wrist. Doctors have introduced surgery that releases the tension on this nerve with an endoscopic procedure that was introduced fifty years after carpal tunnel was introduced. The basic anatomy of the wrist is analyzed to help gain a better understanding of where this disease is taking place. The Anatomy Of The Wrist

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Analysis

1028 words - 5 pages does one acknowledge having Carpal Tunnel Syndrome? Symptoms widely vary, it all depends on the person and there movements. According to The Journal of Family Practicethe beginning of CTS starts off with pain and numbness, specifically to the hand. The pain can escalate to your shoulder but, it is not as common in early stages. Your wrist and hand will become irritated at night which will cause less amount of sleep to being awakened by tingling or