The Effects Of Co2 In Climate Change

1897 words - 8 pages

When discussing the topic of climate change, it is essential to begin with a brief definition of climate change to know exactly what it is. Anup Shah of globalissues.org defines climate change as “an increase in average global temperatures…caused by the increase in greenhouse gasses such as Carbon Dioxide, or CO2” (Shah, 2014). This process, of course, is global warming which, in turn, leads to climate change. Although climate change is considered one of the most significant threats facing the world today, there are many groups doing what they can to assist in slowing the climate change process or potentially halt it all together. This process, however, can be challenging as there are issues that stand as barriers that we as nations and world citizens need to work on together to change (The global climate, 2013). There are many different aspects to the global climate change which pose as impediments, however, two main aspects or impediments are more prominent than the others. The question at hand is what are these two essential factors impeding change regimes? They are greenhouse gasses causing the greenhouse effect and the overall essential costs for the global regimes to put into place in order to combat the persistent global climate changes.
The first and one of the largest of these impediments, as previously mentioned, are greenhouse gasses which in turn cause the greenhouse effect. CO2 is the most significant of these gasses (Shah, 2014). How are humans a contribution? The largest aspect of human contribution is deforestation but also includes the “burning of coal, oil and natural gas to generate energy for power, heat, industry and transportation” (The global climate, 2013). In addition to CO2, there are other contributors to this effect such as water vapor, methane, nitrous oxide and chlorofluorocarbons or CFCs (Jenkins, 2013). Many of the aforementioned gasses are naturally produced, however all of them in large quantities produce this “greenhouse effect” in turn “trap” heat in the atmosphere contributing to the warming temperatures and fluctuations in weather patterns. These effects are the results on a global scale. The effects of climate change are already being seen in our current environment. These effects include “shrinking glaciers, ice on rivers and lakes breaking up earlier, shifting plant and animal ranges and trees flowering sooner. In past years, scientists have predicted various occurrences and many of these predictions have come to fruition (Jenkins, 2013). The most sensible way to reduce these greenhouse gases is the transition to more acceptable “alternative forms of energy such as nuclear, solar and wind (The global climate, 2013). In addition, the development of more advanced technologies and will decrease the effects of carbon emissions. The one aspect that could be seen as unfortunate is the requirement for changes essential to implement such technological development. There are up to twenty countries that account for...

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