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The Effects Of A Lack Of Sleep

1689 words - 7 pages

Effects of a lack of sleep, known as insomnia, is the most common classification of sleep disorders. It was estimated that thirty to forty million Americans have difficulty staying asleep, falling asleep or waking earlier than they would like to, and cannot get back to sleep. Most people settle that this is just a part of life, and the poor quality of sleep proceeds to eat away at the quality of life that could be attained. This seems to be a silent menace that people do not seem to take seriously and could be handled through learning how to deal with stress, taking melatonin, exercise regularly, medicines, or even surgery. Research in youth and adult has found that insomnia can affect a persons behavior; such as violent to lethargic behaviors, including physical health complications. It is an important issue and should be given more thought in the seriousness of the condition.
Insomnia; is also known as a deficiency of sleep or sleep deprivation. People with this condition are apt to suffer from inadequate sleep and be a candidate in the battle of depression. Other symptoms are having poor concentration, and can be involved in auto accidents; from a lack of focus. Having sleep deprivation issues for prolonged periods of time; can cause a person some sort of health dilemma, whether mental or physical. (Harvard Medical School)
Sleep deprivation alters the production and action of some hormones, reducing the secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and increasing blood levels, this shows mostly during the afternoon and evening hours. Higher cortisol levels are distinctive to the much older subjects and are thought to be linked to age-related health problems, such as insulin resistance and memory complications. (University of Chicago)
Associated things that cause insomnia which are common can be stress, environmental changes, caffeine, cold medicine, steroids, and antidepressants. Some people deal with insomnia for only a few nights like jet lag, but if the problem persists it can progress into chronic insomnia, which is another common symptom of psychiatric disorders, such as; anxiety and depression.
If sleep is interrupted then an imbalance of hormones can take place. As an example; a deficiency of sleep is the beginning to an increase in the production of cortisol, which is a stress hormone. This hormone affects the heart and too much of it causes hypertension or it can destroy a person’s energy, which can bring them into a depressive state. The effect of poor sleep can increase the emission of insulin after meals and these secretions can rise above the normal levels. Insulin is a hormone that controls glucose processing and encourages fat storage. This increases insulin levels which are linked with weight gain, which then can become a risk factor for type-II diabetes. (Harvard Medical School) Which we should also take into consideration that insufficient sleep has been connected with poor levels of leptin, yet another hormone. This...

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