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The Aftermath Of Socialism In Eastern Europe

2354 words - 10 pages

Introduction

The aftermath of the fall of state socialism in Eastern Europe came with hope and high expectations from the world at large. Many people awaited the justification of the liberal democratic model in the emerging social and political environments. The concept of civil society that had been idealized by many western European and American nations was central to the discourse of transformation. It represented the voice of the hitherto marginalized and repressed people who were expected to emerge from the ruined regime of state-organized collectivity. There was great anticipation in the affairs of women concerning their mobilization. This is because they were the most affected ...view middle of the document...

The fall of socialism in Eastern Europe

The collapse of socialism was attributed to the reforms and changes that were being pushed by Gorbachev. The then Soviet Union leader attempted to revive socialism by use of unearned income. The policies introduced to try to remove any free market in the Soviet Union. These attempts proved to fail the economy that was largely strained by the cold war. In order to revive the economy, various strategies were proposed for restructuring the economic, political and social aspects of the region (Jue, 2002).

Socialism failed in Eastern Europe because the empire was too expensive to maintain. This made the Soviet Union pull out since the system was unmanageable. The exhaustion of capital stock attributed to lack of innovation. Despite the growth in the Soviet Union that was the main supporter of socialism in Eastern Europe, there was no increase in the standards of living for the people. The region was only interested in conspicuous production that was not benefiting the region.

The ecological system collapsed due to socialism. This was mostly attributed to lack of property rights. This resulted in high pollution and defects in birth rates in many areas. During the socialist era, the Central Planning Board did not devise policies that help people or the land. A case example is the quota system among cotton farmers that were forced to spray herbicides in order to meet the production target. This led to pollution and environmental degradation.

The socialist ideology had failed to materialize, and the people were no longer felt it was helping in any way. The rules were created to benefit a few people. Most of them were corrupt and unconcerned with the affairs of the people. The leaders were drunk with power, and they only implemented agendas that would privilege them. They lost trust among the working class who demanded change in the government’s broken systems. The socialism promise of bringing equality, fraternity and prosperity had failed.

The decline in the development of productive forces led to economic stagnation in Eastern Europe. Lack of economic development and incompatibility between the requirements of growth and the functioning of the centrally planned economy made it impossible to introduce new technologies and products. Consumer goods and information systems were completely decentralized. Information flow from their western counterparts was hard to control in Eastern Europe. There was a big disparity between the standards of living in Western and Eastern Europe. The failure of the institutional framework led to demand change and the eventual collapse of socialism in Eastern Europe.

Economic, social and political effects of the collapse of socialism in Eastern Europe

The desire to deny the educated in the socialist states to set their own goals was the focal point for widespread for mobilization of opposition to state socialism in Eastern Europe. The collapse of socialism led to...

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