Adolescent health is a separate health topic for Healthy People 2020. Among the many health objectives to be achieved for Healthy People 2020; is to increase the amount of children and adolescents who have a positive connection with an adult (Burrus et al, 2012). Optimum health can be better achieved when children are under the care of a responsible adult. There are over 160 objectives directed towards adolescent health; from wellness checkups to serious violent incidents in public schools (HealthyPeople.gov website, 2013).
Community health professionals have a unique opportunity to improve the health of community’s and their aggregates. Assessing the health needs is a first step in understanding how to improve the health risk and behaviors. There are challenges that may deter the community professionals from implementing a health needs plan. These challenges will be discussed in this paper. Facing these challenges will bring awareness and have a positive change for the community in need. Utilizing the nursing process will provide a strategy to promote health and empower the aggregate in the community (Syme, 2004).
The Aggregate Group
Children are our most valuable asset. The health, education and well-being are essential for the continued health of children in the community. When examining this aggregate group it is important to understand the community in which they are being raised. The ethnic, racial and socioeconomic composition helps to assess the health needs, risks and potential behaviors of the community.
Children that start out their lives in a healthy and safe environment have a better chance to maintain health throughout life. Infancy through adulthood; each stage of development has an effect on their health and well-being. Providing a safe environment is important for all stages of life. Early childhood can be a vulnerable time; accidental deaths occur from unsafe environments, such as injury, poisons and violence. Disseminating preventive information that educates the community is an important community health plan.
As the child grows into adolescence their health risks increase. Adolescents engage in risky behavior such as alcohol, reckless driving and unsafe sexual behaviors. The community has an opportunity with this aggregate group in preventive measures to help reduce these risky behaviors. The community services can engage the adolescent and the responsible adult in conversation and education; this is an important step towards positive behaviors within the adolescent population. One such study conducted by the Community Preventive Services Task Force found that one-to-one contact between the adolescent’s parent or guardian could be an effective and useful tool (Burrus et al., 2012).
Responsibility for this aggregate group begins with the parent or guardian. How healthy is the woman that has conceived the child; what kind of environment will...