In the United States, non-Hispanic whites make up the largest number of people living with Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias; however, proportionally, “older African-Americans and Hispanics…are more likely than older whites to have Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias” (Alzheimer’s Association, p. 16,2013). For older African-Americans in the United States are roughly “twice as likely to have Alzheimer’s and other dementias as older whites,” and “Hispanics are about one and one-half times as likely” (Alzheimer’s Association, p. 16, 2013). However, much like the imbalance of women to men with Alzheimer’s, aspects aside from genetic factors, such as health conditions and socioeconomic characteristics in the these communities which are attributed increased risk, must be considered in contributing to the proportionately larger likelihood of African-Americans and Hispanics to have Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias compared to whites (Alzheimer’s Association, p. 16, 2013).
It can be perceived that the incidence is understood as the “number of news cases of a disease that develop in a given time period,” the “estimated annual incidence of Alzheimer’s disease appears to increase dramatically with age” (Alzheimer’s Association, p. 17, 2013). The correlation between the increase in incidence to increase in age is made evident in the increasing average of “53 new cases per 1,000 people age 65 to 74, to 170 new cases per 1,000 people age 75 to 84, to 231 new cases per 1,000 people age 85 and older (Alzheimer’s Association, p. 17, 2013). With this understanding of increased incidence and age, coupled with the undeniable fact of a steadily increasing population of individuals 65 and older, it is estimated that by 2050 the annual number of new cases of Alzheimer’s and other dementias are to double (Alzheimer’s Association, p. 17, 2013).
In realizing the vastly indiscriminate prevalence of the disease and its steadily increasing occurrence, the need for education, specialized health care, means for access to such care, and research is brought to attention, as well as, the subsequent need for funding of for such. For our local dementia population, stakeholders are necessary in providing theses services. Stakeholders are considered to be a person or business that has invested money and/or time into something, a title which can include providers, payers, employers, patients. While they all may invest into the same area, each investors roles varies. For providers focus on accuracy of diagnosis, payer’s focus on cost effectiveness, employer’s focus on keeping costs down, and patient’s focus on wanting compassion and clear communication. Organizations and programs are key stakeholders for the dementia population (Center, 2005).
The Alzheimer's Association is a great example of a stakeholder due to its role in establishing united organizations in many cities around the U.S. with the common goal of generating funding for education, progress in...