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The Aids (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) Virus.

1214 words - 5 pages

A.I.D.S. is the short for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is a specific group of diseases that result for suppression of the immune system. There is no true cure for the AIDS virus. Today, scientist are trying very hard to find a cure for the AIDS virus, but have successfully slowed down the process of the cause of AIDS called HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus).AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a specific group of diseases that results from the suppression of the immune system (A group of cells, molecules, and organs that defend the body against invaders causing disease). The AIDS virus first involves the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). People with the HIV virus gradually loses immune function along with immune cells and without immune function, the HIV virus turns into the AIDS virus and eventually results in death.AIDS was first identified in the United States in 1981. Researchers and scientist say that the origin of the AIDS virus may have come from Central Africa. In the United States alone, there are about 65,000 new cases a year and increasing. (Brooke, Robert-The Nurse's Handbook, Pp. 149-Copyright. 1992)The first patients in America and Europe were male homosexuals, but since 1989, heterosexual sex was found to be the fastest transmission of the AIDS virus. 90% of the new cases of the AIDS virus originated form heterosexual sex (Heterosexual sex is sex between two different genders). (Brooke, Robert-The Nurse's Handbook, Pp. 151-Copyright.1992)American researchers initially named the virus the cause of AIDS the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Researchers discovered in the late 1980's that there were 3 types of AIDS virus, but the original virus was named HIV. The HIV virus enters the bloodstream and destroys white blood cells called T-lymphocytes or T-cells (T-cells play a key role of functioning the immune system). The HIV infects other type of cells, too.HIV can be spread through body fluids, young semen (newly produces semen), and blood products. HIV can be spread by sharing needles that result in direct exposure to blood of the infected person using it. That method mainly occurs from people abusing IV drugs (drugs that are injected into the veins).HIV can be spread or exposed through a mother. One way is that the infant can be infected during the birth. The second is that the baby can be infected through breast-feeding because the breast milk is one of the mother's body fluids. Only 25-35% of the babies born with HIV worldwide actually became infected.Even though you might be in a hospital or some kind of health setting, you could catch the HIV virus. In health settings, workers have been infected by being stuck with a needle containing the blood of an HIV victim. Workers have also been infected when infected blood went up the nose or splashed into the eyes. There has been only one instance of patients being infected by a health care worker.There are many HIV rumors. Some people believe that you can catch the...

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