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The Aim Of Social Work Essay

2050 words - 9 pages

A social worker needs to have a variety of knowledge and understanding of theories when working with individuals. I will start the essay by looking at what theory is and the nature of the relationship between theory and practice. I will discuss two specific theories, namely Cognitive behavioural therapist (CBT) and Person centred approach. While explaining the theories I will identify their underlying values and explain how they might support or even conflict with social work values. C. Becket DATE explains how Social work practice is extremely diverse in many ways. There are a number of service user groups which social workers work with. Some of these include, children and families, ...view middle of the document...

The person centred theory is a view about what individuals like to practice with regards to independence. This approach is specifically intended to empower individuals and support their social needs. This theory would be appropriate for older people and applicable for this type of group.
Social workers may hold their own person centred values however may work within services which may compromise their own values. It is important for Social workers to remain person centred all the time. Dominelli (2002:18) quoted that social workers have to become 'skilled mental acrobats who can juggle positions with ease' when it comes to putting their values in practice. Person centred theory is all about promoting better patient responsibility and supporting older people to make behavioural changes and feel empowered to self manage. A recent literature review found that person centred care can make positive differences to an individual's health and their fulfilments. This approach involves finding out what the individual themselves want. Social workers need to be flexible in their role and use different skills and techniques that best suit older people's needs and circumstances. Central to the success of any social work intervention is the quality of the relationship between the social worker and the service user. The person centred approach needs to work in a way where the social worker intervening with the service user needs to be transparent and human. This means, to risk being real throughout the intervention and to try not to be the 'expert'. Having focus on the service user at all times during the intervention. This approach is a way of providing support and services for older people to encourage them to want choice and control over their lives. Social workers have a role to promote social inclusion for older people and allow them to live as equal individuals. They have a duty to focus on enabling older people to live their lives as full and as valued members of the community. The need for social services for older people is by no means inevitable. Many older people remain in good health and carry on maintaining their daily routines. Some however do need support therefore there are frameworks for social workers such as theories to help them intervene with service users. Wilkins (2010) says that person centred approach lacks direction for most service users. Tudor and Worral (2006) also state that the theory lacks application of knowledge and can be quite rigid.

As a social work student I will commence with explaining how I would apply this theory in placement when working with an older person who has dementia. Firstly I would view the service user holistically and take into consideration their spiritual, emotional, physical, social, cultural and psychological aspects. Most importantly, an assessment will be carried out to help gather information to help the service user receive everything they need. Carrying out an...

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