A single deadly weapon capable of destroying the whole world came into use during World War II: the Atomic Bomb. Under the cooperation of the major powers in the Allied forces, a plan known as the Manhattan Project was created to develop a nuclear bomb. Following the success of the Manhattan Project, the Allies soon came to an agreement to utilize the superweapon to end the war. (Chen). Due to various reasons, the Allies dropped the atomic bomb on Japan without showing any regrets for carrying out the plan. The United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom and China are among the major powers of the Allied Forces that unanimously agreed to drop the atomic bomb on Japan.
The strongest among the Allies, the United States was the initiator of the plan of the atomic bomb. On the 7th of December 1941, Japan bombed the navy base of the United States which was known as Pearl Harbor. (Depression & WWII). Fueled by the motivation to take revenge on Japan after the Pearl Harbor Incident, the United States decided to enter the war. In order to defeat Japan as rapidly as possible, the United States started the Manhattan Project. (Chen). Representing the United States of America, President Truman stated that the dropping of the “atomic bomb was the greatest thing in history” (Wright). Even after seeing the devastating effects in Japan, the United States simply regarded the plan as a successful action. Believing that it was a necessary act to drop the atomic bomb, the United States government showed no remorse.
Being the last to join the Allies, the Soviet Union assented to the development of the atomic bomb eagerly. In the early stages of World War II, Japan sent a secret code to propose an alliance between the two countries. Yet, Russia seeing the defeat of the two major countries of the Axis Powers and finding the betrayal of Axis Powers in the Soviet non-aggression pact unbearable, decided to join the Allied Forces and turned against Japan. (Kuran). Ignoring Japan’s secret proposal for alliance, Joseph Stalin, the tsar of Russia, met with President Truman concerning about the details of the possible effects of the atomic bomb. (Dannen). Right after the bombing on Japan, Russia declared war on Japan, not giving a single opportunity for Japan to counterattack. This battle came to known as the Soviet-Japanese war, showing Russia’s merciless response. (Mc Millan). Just as the Allies had intended, Japan, at a total disadvantage, came to the verge of collapsing.
The United Kingdom, which was the major power in the Allies, was the most prominent supporter of the Manhattan Project. Along with the United States, the United Kingdom wrote the Potsdam Declaration which promised “prompt and utter destruction” if Japan did not surrender immediately. (The Potsdam Conference). Ignoring the possible consequences of massive devastation, Japan continued to make preparations for the war. (Japanese warning). The United Kingdom, afraid that Japan would...