In Voltaire's satire Candide the reader follows the travel of the main character Candide. Candide dynamically develops through the book by adsorbing multiple philosophies,and eventually concluding his own design. Throughout his journeys he encounters three major philosophies: optimism, pessimism and realism. The first philosopher is Pangloss and he teaches about optimism. The second philosopher that he meets is cacambo, and he is a person who accepts the world as it actually is. The last philosopher that candide encounters is a pessimist, and the despises everything in the world. As these three philosophers travel with Candide, they helped him see different viewpoints of the world. As a ...view middle of the document...
Candide travels more around the world and he encounters the ideology of slavery “Oh Pangloss cried Candide, thou hadst not guessed at this abomination; it is the end. I must at last renounce thy optimism. Alas said Candide it is the madness of maintaining that everything is right when it is wrong.” (Voltaire, 49). This event demonstrated Candide’s character development because Candide through his disgust of slavery notices that this world is not the best possible world.
Candide’s valet Cacambo is unlike Martin and Pangloss because he has vast knowledge of the world as it actually is.Cacambo was an advocate of realism, realism is the belief that reality exists independently of observers. In other word Cacambo does not worry about his “Philosophy” of the world instead he just accepts it how it is, because despite what he thinks reality is out of his control.Cacambo through vast travels and experience
has gained knowledge about the world, “he was a quarter spaniard, born of a mongrel in tucuman; he had been singing-boy, sacristan, sailor, monk, pedlar, soldier and lackey.” (Voltaire, 32). Cacambo’s prior experiences allows him to help with candide’s inexperience.
Along with his experiences Cacambo’s liking towards candide is also differs from the other two philosophers, “... he loved his master because his master was a good man.” (Volaire, 32).
Cacambo,s experiences and qualities makes him perfect for the job of Candide's valet in fact he is the second biggest contributor to candieds development, “Cacambo who had been in a great many scrapes in his lifetime did not lose his head; he took the baron’s jesuit habit, put it on candide, gave him the square cap,and made him mount on horseback. all this was done in the twinkling of an eye.” (Voltaire, 36). Without Cacambo’s help there is no doubt that Candide would have not traveled as far and wide as he did or learn the things that he did about the world.
The third philosopher martin in a sense is the opposite of pangloss. Martin believes in pessimism and he always views the worst possible result of everything. Pessimism is the state of mind or belief that the band things in life outweigh the good things in life “ worst possible...