The American Civil War
Isaiah Saluta 22
May 12, 2014
The American Civil War had made a major impact on the course of the nation's history. Slavery was a major factor in Southern and Northern USA's economy — the South had used slaves in cotton plantations, and the North relied on the South to provide cotton for them to manufacture and trade. However, in the Pre-Civil War era, people had started to gain a sense of morality to stop slavery. The Northerners believed in abolition, but the South had relied on slavery in order to grow. Tensions had built up between the two, until the South had decided to secede, or withdraw, from the Union. Although both Northerners and Southerners had believed strongly in their causes, both sides had a different perspective over slavery that would spark the event of a deadly war.
The period before the Civil War, also known as the Antebellum years, was a time when America grew into a great nation. Industrialization had flourished, and the infrastructure of the nation grew. However, although this nation had grown large, it was slowly starting to separate in this era. Northerners and Southerners disagreed over various issues like states' rights, multiple tariffs, and most importantly, the debate over slavery. Although both parts of the country were still linked together as a part of the United States of America, a division was starting to show itself. The growth of this nation, both good and bad, during the Antebellum years would eventually play a key role in the years ahead.
During the period of the Antebellum years (1820 to 1860), industrialization became a more popular thing. Many key inventions were created in this time period, like the telegraph and the railroad system. Both provided a faster means of communication and transportation. Due to new inventions being created, people had started to move towards those areas because jobs were being created there. This had resulted in urbanization. Eventually, urbanization created large cities, and a new type of work. Factories were built, and mass production became the thing. In the near future, industrialization and urbanization would increase greatly and play a great role in the war.
Also during the Antebellum Years, Americans had aimed to improve their society. During the Age of Jackson, democracy encouraged reform. Now in this period, states began to drop requirements for voting, and white American men were able to vote more than ever before. Additionally, supporters of social reform spoke out against slavery, arguing that no society that allowed one human being to own another could call itself democratic. Some reformers were further ahead of their time than most people, and the result brought America closer to the Civil War.
In addition to the reformers improving society, many religious revivals were happening around the country. Many people challenged traditional ways and ideas, resulting in the Second Great Awakening. Huge outdoor meetings...