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The American Civil War Essay

1501 words - 7 pages

There were many aspects of the Civil War, some were big and some were small but all were significant for the history of Union. Many people were involved in this great war, many of those people died. The great cause that all of these men were fighting for was to “save the union”, as Abraham Lincoln said in 1862. There was no interfering with the states that were free and the states that were slave states all he wanted to do was persuade the rebellious states that the Union was good and convince them to stay (Kennedy p 304).
Both sides had many advantages they also had many disadvantages. The North was twice the population of the South. They were a grown industrial base, which had coal mining and iron production in Pennsylvania. They had a better transportation network, as well as a bigger and larger Navy. They also were one step ahead with the National Currency and Banking System. The South had some big advantages including: fighting on their own soil, a large percent of the men fighting were white, and they were fighting a defensive war which meant they did not have to conquer any territory (“American Civil War”)
The Civil War was a very trying time that was fought in 10,000 places from Valverde, New Mexico and Tullahoma, Tennessee to St. Albans, Vermont and Fernandina on the Florida coast. Over 3 million American men fought in this monumental war and 600,000 of those men died. The homes of Americans became headquarters for the army, churches and schoolhouses sheltered the dying and sick. Moving armies moved throughout America ruining farms and burning the towns they went through. To them it was not a big deal to slaughter their fellow Americans; they would just do it and move on (Burns).
The first event to occur was the ending of the “Ninety-Day War” by Bull Run. It was a hard battle, the Northern states warned its men that the Union was coming and that they needed to move on to Richmond. Lincoln caught wind of this and sent thirty thousand men to intercede them near Washington. Lincoln was trying for a quick victory but since his men were ill prepared they did not win. He decided that it would be best for the army to attack a smaller Confederate force at Bull Run. He thought that if this was effective it would validate the dominance of Union Arms. When the battle began it had spectators watching at the battle field as the soldiers fought. Although “Stonewall” Jackson’s men stood in their place like a stone wall, the confederates brought out unexpected reinforcements which made for a loss for the Union. The Confederates were a bunch of cocky men so they assumed that they had won but little did they know it was just the beginning (“American Civil War”).
There were many people involved in the Civil war. George McClellan was cocky leader of the Union army. He was a well-known general and he was liked by all of his men, and he injected morale for the Army at Potomac. McClellan did not get along with the President at the time which happened to be...

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