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The American Civil War Essay

1266 words - 6 pages

There were many causes of the American civil war. Some causes were long term and were issues since the ratification of the constitution such as the State’s rights vs. Federal power. Other causes had short term effects such as the election of Abraham Lincoln. The American Revolution was a war that created the nation; the civil war determined what kind of nation it would become. The US would either become a confederate nation with a reputation for being the largest slave holding country in the world or a united undissolvable nation that proves it has a declaration that states that all men are created with an equal right to liberty.

The North and South have a diverse way of living and making money, the north depended on factories and the steady flow of immigrants to manufacture goods to sell; the south on the other hand, is agricultural and relies on slave labor to harvest the two most important crops they can grow: Cotton and tobacco. The north had a steady flow of Irish and German immigrants to work the machines for minimum wage; the south had slaves which can participate in slave selling, slave trading, or buying to work the fields for no money at all, they can be compared to serfs in old feudalistic Europe. The north economic classes were: poor, middle, and rich. The poor class consisted of minimum wage factory workers, the middle was very small and consisted of merchants, and shop keepers, and the rich classes were the factory owners. The south had Gentries (Gentry) aka Elites are large rich plantation owners, Yeoman are poor small farm owners, and slaves are bound to their master unless traded or sold and had no rights they also had to follow a strict set of codes. The north and south class structures are obviously different, the north structure made it easy to go up while the southern structure was portrayed as a “ Gone with the wind” society which means it was very hard to move up on the hierarchy so might as well accept your position and stay there.

The differences between both economies in the 1800s is that the south has staple export while the north does not, the south has a broad base large scale agricultural export economy while the north has regional economies: agriculture, small and large scale manufacturing, forest industries, fishing, commerce, and financial services. Their similarities are the capitalistic structure, institutions, and values and they were both wealthy but the north gets an edge because of the widespread commerce. When slave labor and immigrant labor square up against each other immigrant labor wins because they get paid and are not bound to certain jobs or bosses, the slaves don’t get paid, can’t change their masters unless traded or sold and must follow a code that if disobeyed can further complicate their life. The south did not like buying goods from the north because they were overpriced so they bought English made goods which were cheaper. The Federal government imposed a tariff on goods to protect north...

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