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The American Civil War Essay

802 words - 3 pages

Why did the Civil War occur? The Civil War was a crisis of growth. In less than three quarters of a century, thirteen old British colonies created a nation with a powerful economy.The young U.S profited from their colonial past as well as the land which procured immense amount of resources and possibilities. The history of the U.S from 1789 to 1865 showed problems of men and resources and the economic boom will increase differences inside the different parts of the Union. The civil war could have been avoided, because the American nation gradually took conscience of itself, and nationalism had been resisted by the second war of independence.The difficulty of the American political system: (federal and republican system) will bring with itself the problem of union and liberty. The anti federalists also known as republicans blame the government for its attachment to Europe and criticised the reinforcement of the federal power. Another source of problem is the economic differences; near 1860 two America appeared: The North, a country with much activities, and the South, a country of slavery plantations, attached to the past.These differences and divergences reflect on the political view of a nation.However, this new country could have avoided the Civil War, because at the beginning, pioneering' spirit was very positive; it had brought down class barriers. Another advantage of that time was to occupy lands or gain possession of it at low prices, to access to all the jobs. Taxes were not high. The U.S had the chance to know a great increase of their population (In 1860 the population is 8 times greater than the one of 1790). Food is easy to find, and the jobs are abundant. The lack and the high price of the labour, partly explain the maintenance of slavery, and made immigration necessary. On the economic point of view, independence had made the situation better because the old colonies stayed dependent upon Europe and mainly England, but in fact, the chances and advantages of the Americans were considerably high: virgin land with tremendous amount of resources.All kinds of transports developed (roads, canals,) for example: the canal Erié built up in 1825 permitted to reduce 90% the price of transportation of the ton of their merchandise between Buffalo and New York. The same year, steam boats enabled to transport a better market at a better price. In...

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