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The American Civil War Essay

715 words - 3 pages

The American Civil War

One of the documents I have chosen is the Address of Negroes. It
started in Alexandria, Virginia, from August 2 to 5, 1865 was address
to the Loyal Citizens and Congress of the United States of America
adopted by a Convention of Negroes. It states that the war is over,
the rebellion is “ put down”, and we are declared free! Four-fifths of
our enemies are paroled or amnestied, and the other fifth are being
pardoned, and the president has, in his efforts at the reconstruction
of the Civil government of the states, late in rebellion, left us
entirely at the mercy of these subjugated but unconverted rebels, in
everything save the privilege of bringing us, our wives and little
ones, to the auction block.

During the 19th century United States Civil War began at 1861-1865 and
the Reconstruction era also began 1865-1877 tested and defined
American Nationality. The revolutionary declared of Liberty and
Equality, American National Identity was tainted and haunted by the
question of slavery and racial prejudice. The Reconstruction
Amendments reflected that the federal efforts to enforce
Constitutional rights and legal equality for African-Americans. The
amendments remained, though legal equality faded with the reassertion
of “states rights” and white supremacy in southern states after 1877.

This is where we learn about Abraham Lincoln who was elected in 1860
and fears of anti-slavery gains. Lincoln’s speech was to free slaves
from slavery. He wrote the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1,
1863, and ended slavery in areas in rebellion against the United
States Lincoln speech of the first inaugural address was that Lincoln
rejected their action, putting forward legal, geographic, historical,
and emotional reasons for the indivisibility of the United States, and
making the case that, despite their differences,...

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