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The American Civil War Essay

1753 words - 8 pages

The American Civil War was a war that occurred from 1861-1865. The American Civil War, is also known as the ‘War Between the Sates’ and ‘Civil War’. The war occurred because seven Southern states declared their secession and decided to form the Confederate States of America. The other states which did not declare their secession were known as the “Union” or the “North”.
Abraham Lincoln in 1860 at the presidential election Republicans opposed the expansion of Slavery in the United States. Seven slave states with cotton base economies has formed the Confederacy. The first six of the states to concede had the highest percentage of slaves as their population, a total of around 48.8% for the 6 ...view middle of the document...

Controversy began to go around that Missouri admitted they were a slave state in 1820, Texas as a slave state in 1845 and that the status of slavery in the western territories won because of the results of the Mexican American War. Disagreements over the topic slavery ended the Wig and Know Nothing political parties, and also later on divided the Democratic Part into the North and South while the Republican Party believed that the expansion of slavery had to end. Abolitionists and proslavery elements believed that by sending partisans into Kansas they would be able to end the dispute over slavery expansion. During the 1850’s there was a small civil war between pro-Souths Presidents James Buchanan and Frank Pierce. The war happened because there was an attempt to stop admission of Kansas as a slave state through wrongful votes.
Abraham Lincoln was sworn in as President on March 4th 1861. In his inaugural address he said that he would not try to end slavery where it existed but he would use force to keep possession of federal property. Abraham Lincoln was very determined to keep all the Union-Occupied forts in the Confederacy. They include the Fort Pickens, Fort Jefferson, Fort Monroe, Fort Taylor and Fort Sumter.
Battle of Fort Sumter was held at Fort Sumter located in the middle of the harbour of Charleston, South Carolina. This was the beginning of the American Civil war. President Abraham Lincoln ordered Major Anderson to not fire shots until it started. On April 12th, 1861 General Beauregard sent the major a message stating that if he would not surrender in an hour he would start to fire. Soon later the South began to bomb Fort Sumter from all sides without difficulties because around Charleston Harbour were several forts. Major Anderson soon realised that he had no chance of winning this war and surrendered to the Southern Army because he was low of food and ammunition. When Abraham Lincoln heard about this he asked for 75,000 volunteers to help recapture the fort again for 90days. At that time the Lincoln did not believe that the war would last very long. 2 weeks later, President Lincoln asked for a further 42,034 volunteers for a period of 3 years to fight in the war.
Over the period of 4 years, many battles were fought as many as 237. In the first year of war both sides of the war had a lot more volunteers that they could effectively train. Both sides of the war used a draft law to force or encourage people to volunteer. In April, 1862 the Confederacy passed a draft law for men aged 18-35; government officials, clergymen and overseers of slaves were exempt. January 1863 was when the Emancipation Proclamation by Abraham Lincoln took effect and around 50,000 out of the 4million slaves were set free immediately. At first only slaves in the Confederate States that were not under the control of the Union. Slaves from states where slavery was still legal were not immediately freed. Eventually millions of slaves were set free. The Emancipation...

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