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The American Civil War: Abraham Lincoln

873 words - 4 pages

Can you imagine what it was like to be president during the Civil War? To have so many people looking up to you? So much pressure on your shoulder? Than imagine Abraham Lincoln. This self-educated president dealt with all this, successfully, as our leader during the Civil War.
Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, Kentucky. He only had 3 short periods of formal schooling throughout his childhood, as he had to work constantly to support his family. When he was slightly older, he moved to New Salem, Illinois. Here, he became involved in local politics as a supporter of the Whig Party, winning an election to the Illinois state legislature in 1834.
Lincoln taught himself law, ...view middle of the document...

Lincoln ran for senate in 1858. In June, Lincoln delivered his now famous “house-divided” speech, where he quoted from the Gospel to show his belief that “the government cannot endure, permanently, half slave and half free.” (Lincoln, page 4). Although he lost the election, Lincolns performance made his political profile rise even higher than it was before. That May, Republicans chose Lincoln as their candidate for president.
In the general election, Lincoln again faced Douglas, who represented the Northern Democrats. After years of tension over the election of an anti-slavery northerner as the 16th president of the U.S. drove many southerners over the brink. By the time Lincoln was inaugurated in march 1861, seven southern states had seceded from the union and formed the Confederate States of America. In April, Confederates fired upon union ships and a fort, starting up the civil war.
Lincoln did not have much war experience compared to Confederate leader Jefferson Davis. Lincoln surprised many by proving to be a more than capable wartime leader, learning tactics and strategies very quickly. Lincoln was also good at choosing great commanders, General George McClellan constantly infuriated Lincoln with his reluctance to advance. Lincoln removed him from command when McClellan failed to pursue Robert E. Lee’s retreating Confederate Army after the Union victory at Antietam in September 1862.
Lincoln received a lot of criticism because he took away some Civil Liberties, he believed he had to remove them to win the war.
Shortly after the battle of Antietam, Lincoln issued a preliminary Emancipation...

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