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The American Civil War Causes And Consequences

1710 words - 7 pages

More Americans died in our Civil War than in any other American conflict. The Union’s effort to fight for the rights of others in this war not only encompasses our American ideal but defines it. The war to stop the enslavement and mistreatment of colored people was necessary to evolve as a land and fully embrace the significance of our Constitution. The idea of liberty for people so heavily discriminated against was hard to fight for. The people that struggled against slavery, the battles waged to end slavery, and the reconstruction of our government to protect the rights of the Americans further show how our nation adapts to protect its’ people.

From the introduction of slavery in the new ...view middle of the document...

” That African Americans were not citizens of the United States, that the Missouri Compromise of 1820 was unconstitutional, and that “the Negro might justly and lawfully be reduced to slavery for his benefit.” The Dred Scott vs. Sanford ruling was a major setback in the abolitionist movement, and caused many people to doubt whether they should fight for something that their government protected.
As our country became closer to the fire of war, Congress authorized the Kansas- Nebraska act (on May 30, 1854). The act allowed Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not they were to permit slavery. Shortly after the law passed, people from both parties rushed to settle in the undecided states. With two opposing legislatures, violence, led by John Brown, plagued the territory. John Brown became a martyr for the abolitionists’ cause (even though many disagreed with his methods) after being hung on December 2, 1859 for seizing a federal arsenal and “slave insurrection” with some of his followers. As the death tolls rose the land became known as “Bleeding Kansas.” In an effort to try to put down the anti-slavery movement President Franklin Pierce (pro-slavery) sent federal troops to try to relieve the violence.
To add to our young country's frustration the presidential election of 1860 was coming quickly. Abraham Lincoln, our country's 16th president, ran against Stephen A. Douglas, a transparent supporter of slavery. However Douglass’ support of the states right to choose the south viewed him as a traitor, and for having the backing of all the Free states Lincoln won the election, becoming the first Republican to be elected as president. On December 20, 1860 (After the election of Abraham Lincoln) South Carolina became the first state to secede from the Union. In the following months the Confederate army built up strength while tensions rose across the country. The first shots of the Civil war were fired April 11, 1861, at Fort Sumter, a union fort near the mouth of the Charleston Harbor. The two day battle was fought over the fort, and left many wounded (but none dead.) The Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard had won the battle and the Union, under Robert Anderson, surrendered their fort.

The Battle of Antietam was one of the bloodiest battles in United States history. September 17, 1862 is the single most death ridden day in 1862 with 23,000 dead. The Battle of Antietam concluded Robert E. Lee’s first invasion of the Union’s territory becoming a victory for the Union. Following this skirmish the Emancipation Proclamation changed the political meaning of the war, and declared that all people should be set free. The Emancipation Proclamation delivered by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863 also allowed African Americans to join the Union’s army and navy. The Battle of Gettysburg (July 1-3 1863) is one of the most historically known battles of the civil war. With approximately 51,000 killed, the Battle of Gettysburg is...

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