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The American Civil War: Was It Inevitable?

742 words - 3 pages

From it’s colonization, America had seemed to be a willingful advocate of slavery. As the 19th century began, it became apparent that Southern States, economically dependant on agricultural business and “King Cotton” continued to work enslaved Africans while the Northern States turned the other cheek. As time went on, Northern citizens and Southern citizens in a once-unified country came into conflict in several different ways. The three main causes (Infringement of civil liberties, infringement of states’ rights, and the economic and moral issues of slavery) made the conflict between the South and the North impossible to resolve, resulting in the inevitable Civil War.
The first reason that the war was inevitable was that Southern Citizens felt that they lost their say in the National Government.. During this time period, the Northern birthrate along with it’s economy soared at impressive rates well beyond that of the South. It soon became evident to some people in the South that they were losing their influence in the government. This problem only grew worse when the Democratic Party split into different sections. While some Democrats such as Stephen Douglas championed the idea of popular sovereignty (that each state should have the public vote on whether or not to abolish slavery in their respective area), others believed that slavery should exist under the Mason Dixon line decided by the Compromise of 1820. When Abraham Lincoln won the Presidential Election of 1860 for the newly formed Republican Party, many Southern Citizens were fully convinced that they had lost their power in National Government and they may as well just secede from the Union. Unsurprisingly, that is exactly what they did.
Another reason that The Civil War was a necessary part of American History was the moral issue of slavery. Northerners and Europeans alike often looked down upon the vicious slave owners of the south, but many weren’t completely aware until Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe was published in 1852. According to The American Pageant, “No other novel in American History- perhaps in all history- can be compared with it as a political force. To millions of people, it made slavery appear...

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