Thomas Paine was an Englishman who came to America in 1774. He was born in England in 1737, born into a poor family. He went to school until he was thirteen. After that, he quit in order to help his father provide for his family. For years he tried to find jobs, but he failed at finding a job he was happy with. Paine moved to America because of a meeting with Benjamin Franklin. Franklin gave Paine letters of introduction, and Paine arrived in Philadelphia. Once he arrived, he began writing for the Pennsylvania Magazine, and became an editor. His writing was against the slave trade and slavery. Paine was recognized for writing his pamphlet Common Sense. In this pamphlet he explained that the colonies needed immediate sovereignty. In 1776, Common Sense was a success. The pamphlet prepared the Americans to write the Declaration of Independence shortly after. The things Thomas Paine wrote convinced many colonists to fight for home rule. (Gale, 1)
Paine served in Washington’s army for some time. The Crisis was a series of pamphlets written by Thomas Paine, where in the beginning he wrote: “These are the times that try men’s souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of his country.” (Paine, 1) Although Paine was successful, he did not make a lot of money. He had helped establish the 1776 Constitution, where he abolished slavery. Paine ended his Crisis expecting the revolution to be accomplished. (Gale, 2)
In 1776, the war for American independence went into its second year. The fight in Lexington and Concord that began the revolution. Even though the American Revolution was entering its second year of fighting, not many were signing up to join the cause. Defeat seemed likely for the Americans. Paine published the pamphlet The Crisis, and when George Washington received it he was encouraged by his words. Washington ordered his captains to take a copy of his pamphlet. The captains then read The Crisis out loud to each company and brigade in the Continental Army. (Crompton, 1)
Paine’s pamphlet enticed the patriots to continue to fight with a positive attitude. The first paragraphs calm down the readers when they panic due to the dark times in the war. In the first paragraph, Paine talks about the present and how it is a good time. In the second paragraph, Paine says that the past has no effect on the present and is not worth the trouble. In the third paragraph, Paine explains that the future is secure and order still exists. The fourth paragraph is about all three; the past, present, and future. Paine says that their enemies will suffer as they do now. The point was to inspire the army and to make them continue fighting for America’s self-reliance. In December...